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Biofilm formation is a mechanism adapted by many microorganisms that enhances the survival in stressful environments. In food processing facilities, foodborne bacterial pathogens, which many are poor biofilm formers, could potentially take advantage of this protective mechanism by interacting with other strong biofilm producers. The objective of this study(More)
In human pregnancy, multiple lines of evidence have indicated that there is trafficking of nucleated cells and cell-free DNA between the mother and fetus. Diagnostically, fetal cells in maternal blood and fetal DNA in maternal plasma offer a noninvasive source of fetal material for prenatal diagnosis. Through the developments of methods for fetal cell(More)
Establishment of an effective, high-throughput processing system to recover protein from tobacco with no nicotine contamination is essential and vital to the development of value-added, alternative applications for tobacco farmers. We have successfully developed a mechanism capable of processing up to 60 kg of tobacco leaves per hour with phosphate buffer(More)
To date, the published information on trans fatty acids (TFAs) in food products in China remains scarce and of questionable accuracy. Systematic approaches to educate the consumers and to ensure proper labeling of TFAs are among the many urgent challenges the regulatory agencies in this rapidly growing country have to face. In the present study, 97 most(More)
Biosensors based on whole-cell bioluminescence have the potential to become a cost-effective alternative to conventional detection methods upon validation of target selectivity and sensitivity. However, quantitative analysis of bioluminescence is greatly hindered due to lack of control over the total number of cells in a suspending culture. In this study,(More)
Growth stimulating effects of LYCH leaf hydrolysates on Pediococcus acidilactici IMT101 cells were observed when MRS broth was supplemented with 20% (v/v) H1+H2, the mixture of hydrolysates prepared by a traditional tea-making process. Cells grown on MRS containing H1+H2 showed a shortened lag phase while yielding a cell concentration (X(s)) significantly(More)
Oat β-glucan was purified from oat bran and its effects on running performance and related biochemical parameters were investigated. Four-week-old male Sparsgue-Dawley rats, fed with/without oat β-glucan (312.5 mg kg(-1) d(-1)) for 7 weeks, were subjected to run on a treadmill system to make them exhausted. All rats were immediately sacrificed after(More)
The use of nanomaterials in consumer products is rapidly expanding. In most studies, nanomaterials are examined as isolated ingredients. However, consumer products such as foods, cosmetics, and dietary supplements are complex chemical matrixes. Therefore, interactions between nanomaterials and other components of the product must be investigated to ensure(More)
Au@Pt nanorods were prepared by growing platinum nanodots on gold nanorods. Using electron spin resonance (ESR), we determined that the mechanisms for oxidation of ascorbic acid (AA) by Au@Pt nanorods and ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO) were kinetically similar and yielded similar products. In addition we observed that Au@Pt nanorods were stable with respect to(More)
Multistate outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections through consumption of contaminated foods including produce products have brought a great safety concern. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of biofilm and quorum sensing production on the attachment of E. coli O157:H7 on food contact surfaces and to evaluate the transfer of(More)