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Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is a pathogen that is important in the poultry industry worldwide. Specifically, the virulent (velogenic) NDV is aparticular threat because it has now occurred frequently worldwide. The outbreaks caused by highly virulent NDV in waterfowl and especially in goose flocks, have led to greater concern in recent years as aquatic(More)
Q. Zhang, J. L. Jimenez, M. R. Canagaratna, J. D. Allan, H. Coe, I. Ulbrich, M. R. Alfarra, A. Takami, A. M. Middlebrook, Y. L. Sun, K. Dzepina, E. Dunlea, K. Docherty, P. F. DeCarlo, D. Salcedo, T. Onasch, J. T. Jayne, T. Miyoshi, A. Shimono, S. Hatakeyama, N. Takegawa, Y. Kondo, J. Schneider, F. Drewnick, S. Borrmann, S. Weimer, K. Demerjian, P. Williams,(More)
Previous studies revealed that chitinase could enhance the insecticidal activity of Bacillus thuringiensis and it has been used in combination with B. thuringiensis widely. However, the expression of B. thuringiensis chitinase is rather low and needs induction by chitin, which limits its field application. It would make sense to constitutively express the(More)
Atmospheric particle number size distributions (size range 0.003–10μm) were measured between March 2008 and August 2009 at Shangdianzi (SDZ), a rural research station in the North China Plain. These measurements were made in an attempt to better characterize the tropospheric background aerosol in Northern China. The mean particle number concentrations of(More)
This paper addresses the development of a nonlinear model based interval model control system for the quasi-keyhole arc welding process, a novel arc welding process which has advantages over the laser welding process and conventional arc welding processes. The structure of the nonlinear model chosen was proposed based on an analysis of the quasi-keyhole(More)
Weld joint penetration control is a basic research topic in the welding research community. The authors propose using an innovative plasma arc welding process referred to as the quasi-keyhole process to achieve less application-dependent weld joint penetration sensing and control. To control the quasi-keyhole process, the peak current and keyhole sustaining(More)
DNA hypomethylation may activate oncogene transcription, thus promoting carcinogenesis and tumor development. S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) is a methyl donor in numerous methylation reactions and acts as an inhibitor of intracellular demethylase activity, which results in hypermethylation of DNA. The main objectives of this study were to determine whether DNA(More)