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Fusarium crown rot (FCR) is a serious cereal disease in semi-arid regions worldwide. In assisting the effort of breeding cultivars with enhanced resistance, we identified several barley genotypes with high levels of FCR resistance. One of these genotypes, AWCS079 which is a barley landrace originating from Japan, was investigated by developing and assessing(More)
Traits related to spike morphology (SM), including grain density (GD), spike length (SL) and awn length (AL), are of central importance in cereal improvement. A recent study based on a two-row landrace of barley, TX9425, detected QTL controlling all of the three traits in a similar region on the long arm of chromosome 3H. To further characterize this(More)
In wheat seeds, starch synthase I or the Waxy protein is an enzyme involved in amylose synthesis. The gene encoding this enzyme is Wx and in this study, eight novel Wx alleles were identified in three diploid Taeniatherum species. The variability of these alleles was evaluated, and their nucleotide sequences were compared with those of homologous alleles(More)
The antinociceptive effect of intracerebroventricular injection (icv) of Asn-Ala-Gly-Ala (NAGA), a partial sequence of beta-lipotropin, was studied in rats. The potassium iontophoresis-induced tail flick was used to measure the pain threshold. The antinociceptive effect of NAGA, which was dose-dependent (icv, 0.03-0.24 mumol/rat) and long-lasting (90 min),(More)
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