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Low-temperature solution-processed photovoltaics suffer from low efficiencies because of poor exciton or electron-hole diffusion lengths (typically about 10 nanometers). Recent reports of highly efficient CH3NH3PbI3-based solar cells in a broad range of configurations raise a compelling case for understanding the fundamental photophysical mechanisms in(More)
The chemically reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was transferred onto polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrates and then used as transparent and conductive electrodes for flexible organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. The performance of the OPV devices mainly depends on the charge transport efficiency through rGO electrodes when the optical transmittance of rGO(More)
In this paper, CdSe nanocrystal dissolution in an aqueous solution was studied. It was found that light is a key factor affecting the dissolution of nanocrystals. In the presence of light, the electrons generated from CdSe nanocrystals reduce water to hydrogen and hydroxide ions (OH-) while photo-generated holes oxidize CdSe to Cd2+ and elemental Se. The(More)
This paper presents a method for optimising paralleli-sation and scheduling of task graphs containing representation of loops for implementation in heterogeneous computing systems with both software and hardware processors. The method integrates loop unrolling with task scheduling and determines the extent to which each loop should be unrolled to maximise(More)
This paper describes the synthesis of ternary chalcogenide Cu(2)SnSe(3) nanocrystals as an alternative solar absorber material to conventional quaternary CuIn(x)Ga(1-x)Se(2). We used the hot coordination solvent method with hexadecylamine as the capping ligand for the first time for this material system. Using a variety of characterization techniques, such(More)
In this study, we use solution-processable crystalline TiO(2) nanoparticles as a buffer layer between the active layer and aluminum cathode to fabricate the P3HT:PCBM-based bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. The employment of the presynthesized TiO(2) nanoparticles simplifies the fabrication of OPV devices because of the(More)
We report for the first time the fabrication and characterization of organic-inorganic bulk heterojunction (BHJ) hybrid solar cells made of poly[N-9″-hepta-decanyl-2,7-carbazole-alt-5,5-(4',7'-di-2-thienyl-2',1',3'-benzothiadiazole)] (PCDTBT) and pyridine-capped CdSe nanorods. By optimizing both CdSe loading and active layer film thickness, the power(More)
Materials with ordered mesoporous structures have shown great potential in a wide range of applications. In particular, the combination of mesoporosity, low dimensionality, and well-defined morphology in nanostructures may exhibit even more attractive features. However, the synthesis of such structures is still challenging in polar solvents. Herein, we(More)