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Microsatellites or simple sequence repeats are highly variable DNA sequences that can be used as informative markers for the genetic analysis of plants and animals. For the development of microsatellite markers in Capsicum, microsatellites were isolated from two small-insert genomic libraries and the GenBank database. Using five types of oligonucleotides,(More)
On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory simultaneously observed a transient gravitational-wave signal. The signal sweeps upwards in frequency from 35 to 250 Hz with a peak gravitational-wave strain of 1.0×10(-21). It matches the waveform predicted by general relativity for the(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has emerged as an important endogenous inhibitor of apoptosis, and here we report that NO prevents hepatocyte apoptosis initiated by the removal of growth factors or exposure to TNFalpha or anti-Fas antibody. We postulated that the mechanism of the inhibition of apoptosis by NO would include an effect on caspase-3-like protease activity.(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) play important roles in the pathogenesis of liver disease during acute inflammation. The present study was designed to elucidate the effect of NO pre-exposure on TNFalpha-induced hepatotoxicity. Pretreatment of primary cultures of rat hepatocytes with the NO donor S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine(More)
We have designed a drug that protects the liver from apoptotic cell death by organ-selective pharmacological generation of the bioregulatory agent, nitric oxide (NO). The discovery strategy involved three steps: identifying a diazeniumdiolate ion (R2N[N(O)NO]-, where R2N = pyrrolidinyl) that spontaneously decomposes to NO with a very short half-life (3 s)(More)
I t was inevitable that important relationships between two of the most intensely studied topics in biomedical research, apoptosis and nitric oxide (NO), would become apparent. Apoptosis is essential to normal development as well as physiological cell turnover. Although apoptosis in excess can manifest as tissue damage, a failure to undergo apoptosis(More)
It is now known that caspase-3-like protease activation can promote Bcl-2 cleavage and mitochondrial cytochrome c release and that these events can lead to further downstream caspase activation. NO has been proposed as a potent, endogenous inhibitor of caspase-3-like protease activity. Experiments were carried out to determine whether NO could interrupt(More)
Here we report the inhibition of cellular invasion by a recombinant mouse endostatin and the possible mechanism of the inhibition. Endostatin significantly reduced endothelial as well as tumor cellular invasion into the reconstituted basement membrane in vitro. Gelatin zymographic analysis revealed that the activation of promatrix metalloproteinase-2(More)
We report here that, like nonheme iron, protein-bound intracellular heme iron is also a target for destruction by endogenously produced nitric oxide (NO). In isolated rat hepatocytes NO synthesis results in substantial (approximately 60%) and comparable loss of catalase and cytochrome P450 as well as total microsomal heme, and decreased heme synthetic(More)
Although nitric oxide (NO) induces neuronal cell death under some conditions, it also can prevent apoptosis resulting from growth factor withdrawal. We investigated the molecular mechanism by which NO protects undifferentiated and differentiated PC12 cells from trophic factor deprivation-induced apoptosis. PC12 cells underwent apoptotic death in association(More)