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Advanced glycosylation end products of proteins (AGEs) are nonenzymatically glycosylated proteins which accumulate in vascular tissue in aging and at an accelerated rate in diabetes. A approximately 35-kDa polypeptide with a unique NH2-terminal sequence has been isolated from bovine lung and found to be present on the surface of endothelial cells where it(More)
Two distinct receptors for tumor necrosis factor (TNF) of 55 and 75 kd are expressed at low levels by various cells. The 55 kd TNF receptor was purified from HL60 cells, and partial amino acid sequences were determined. Short degenerate sense and antisense oligonucleotide primers encoding the N- and C-terminal ends of a peptide of 22 amino acid residues(More)
Binding of antibodies to effector cells by way of receptors to their constant regions (Fc receptors) is central to the pathway that leads to clearance of antigens by the immune system. The structure and function of this important class of receptors on immune cells is addressed through the molecular characterization of Fc receptors (FcR) specific for the(More)
The DNA binding activity of Fos and Jun is regulated in vitro by a post-translational mechanism involving reduction-oxidation. Redox regulation occurs through a conserved cysteine residue located in the DNA binding domain of Fos and Jun. Reduction of this residue by chemical reducing agents or by a ubiquitous nuclear redox factor (Ref-1) recently purified(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1), a peptide hormone produced by activated macrophages, possesses the ability to modulate the proliferation, maturation and functional activation of a broad spectrum of cell types and may play a major role in the initiation and amplification of immune and inflammatory responses through its action on these diverse cell populations. IL-1(More)
Normal as well as retrovirally transformed avian myeloid precursor cells require the colony stimulating factor cMGF for their survival, proliferation and colony formation in vitro. cMGF has been shown to be a glycoprotein which is active in the picomolar concentration range. Co-expression of kinase type oncogenes in v-myb or v-myc transformed myeloid cells(More)
AIMS To understand the diversity, taxonomy and antagonistic potential of rice-associated bacteria, and to discover new bacteria for biocontrol of rice foliar pathogens. METHODS AND RESULTS Amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA), BOX-PCR and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis were used to identify the diversity of 203 rice-associated(More)
Systemic infusion of low concentrations of tumor necrosis factor/cachectin (TNF) into mice that bear TNF-sensitive tumors leads to activation of coagulation, fibrin formation, and occlusive thrombosis exclusively within the tumor vascular bed. To identify mechanisms underlying the localization of this vascular procoagulant response, a tumor-derived(More)
A cytokine that can synergize with interleukin 2 to activate cytotoxic lymphocytes was purified to homogeneity. The protein, provisionally called cytotoxic lymphocyte maturation factor (CLMF), was isolated from a human B-lymphoblastoid cell line that was induced to secrete lymphokines by culture with phorbol ester and calcium ionophore. The purification(More)
In mammals, several well-defined metabolic changes occur during infection, many of which are attributable to products of the reticuloendothelial system. Among these changes, a hypertriglyceridaemic state is frequently evident, resulting from defective triglyceride clearance, caused by systemic suppression of the enzyme lipoprotein lipase (LPL). We have(More)