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Advanced glycosylation end products of proteins (AGEs) are nonenzymatically glycosylated proteins which accumulate in vascular tissue in aging and at an accelerated rate in diabetes. A approximately 35-kDa polypeptide with a unique NH2-terminal sequence has been isolated from bovine lung and found to be present on the surface of endothelial cells where it(More)
The DNA binding activity of Fos and Jun is regulated in vitro by a post-translational mechanism involving reduction-oxidation. Redox regulation occurs through a conserved cysteine residue located in the DNA binding domain of Fos and Jun. Reduction of this residue by chemical reducing agents or by a ubiquitous nuclear redox factor (Ref-1) recently purified(More)
In mammals, several well-defined metabolic changes occur during infection, many of which are attributable to products of the reticuloendothelial system. Among these changes, a hypertriglyceridaemic state is frequently evident, resulting from defective triglyceride clearance, caused by systemic suppression of the enzyme lipoprotein lipase (LPL). We have(More)
Two distinct receptors for tumor necrosis factor (TNF) of 55 and 75 kd are expressed at low levels by various cells. The 55 kd TNF receptor was purified from HL60 cells, and partial amino acid sequences were determined. Short degenerate sense and antisense oligonucleotide primers encoding the N- and C-terminal ends of a peptide of 22 amino acid residues(More)
Systemic infusion of low concentrations of tumor necrosis factor/cachectin (TNF) into mice that bear TNF-sensitive tumors leads to activation of coagulation, fibrin formation, and occlusive thrombosis exclusively within the tumor vascular bed. To identify mechanisms underlying the localization of this vascular procoagulant response, a tumor-derived(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1), a peptide hormone produced by activated macrophages, possesses the ability to modulate the proliferation, maturation and functional activation of a broad spectrum of cell types and may play a major role in the initiation and amplification of immune and inflammatory responses through its action on these diverse cell populations. IL-1(More)
Binding of antibodies to effector cells by way of receptors to their constant regions (Fc receptors) is central to the pathway that leads to clearance of antigens by the immune system. The structure and function of this important class of receptors on immune cells is addressed through the molecular characterization of Fc receptors (FcR) specific for the(More)
A cytokine that can synergize with interleukin 2 to activate cytotoxic lymphocytes was purified to homogeneity. The protein, provisionally called cytotoxic lymphocyte maturation factor (CLMF), was isolated from a human B-lymphoblastoid cell line that was induced to secrete lymphokines by culture with phorbol ester and calcium ionophore. The purification(More)
By comparing the HPLC profiles of cerebellar extracts from adult and neonatal rats, a developmentally regulated polypeptide, termed PEP-19, was identified. The concentration of PEP-19 rose from 0.1 nmol/g of cerebellum at birth to 2 nmol/g at 20 days postpartum. The polypeptide could also be detected at lower levels in olfactory bulbs of adult rats but was(More)
Three subunits, Ac115, Ac39, and the proteolipid, were positively identified in the membrane sectors of V-ATPases from different sources. We searched for organelle-specific protein in purified preparations of V-ATPase from bovine chromaffin granules. A diffused protein band at a position of about 45 kDa was identified in SDS-polyacrylamide gels of the above(More)