Y. L. Chiang

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Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) supports growth and survival of dopaminergic (DA) neurons. A replication-defective adenoviral (Ad) vector encoding human GDNF injected near the rat substantia nigra was found to protect DA neurons from the progressive degeneration induced by the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) injected into the(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term use of methamphetamine (MAMP) can result in psychosis but it is not clear why some individuals develop psychotic symptoms, while others use MAMP regularly over long periods and remain unscathed. We set out to characterize MAMP users and to examine the relationship of pre-morbid personality, pre-morbid social function and other(More)
In 1990, a clinical trial was started using retroviral-mediated transfer of the adenosine deaminase (ADA) gene into the T cells of two children with severe combined immunodeficiency (ADA- SCID). The number of blood T cells normalized as did many cellular and humoral immune responses. Gene treatment ended after 2 years, but integrated vector and ADA gene(More)
Intratumoral implantation of murine cells modified to produce retroviral vectors containing the herpes simplex virus-thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) gene induces regression of experimental brain tumors in rodents after ganciclovir (GCV) administration. We evaluated this approach in 15 patients with progressive growth of recurrent malignant brain tumors. Antitumor(More)
Previously, we observed that an adenoviral (Ad) vector encoding human glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), injected near the rat substantia nigra (SN), protects SN dopaminergic (DA) neuronal soma from 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced degeneration. In the present study, the effects of Ad GDNF injected into the striatum, the site of DA nerve(More)
To facilitate clinical applications of retroviral-mediated human gene transfer, retroviral vectors must be of high titer and free of detectable replication-competent retroviruses. The purpose of this study was to optimize methods of retroviral vector production and transduction. Studies were conducted using 22 retroviral vector producer cell lines.(More)
In meningeal carcinomatosis, retroviral vector-producer cells can be introduced into the thecal sac and circulate in the cerebrospinal fluid to reach malignant tumor cells in the leptomeninges, release vector particles, and selectively infect and transfer a gene of interest to these cells. Gene transfer experiments with the lacZ gene and in vitro retroviral(More)
A bystander effect is described when nontransduced or genetically unmodified cells are killed during death of genetically modified tumor cells transduced with a suicide gene. The "bystander effect" greatly enhances the efficacy of the herpes simplex virus-thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (HSV-TK/GCV) gene therapy approach for cancer. The mechanism of the(More)
TNF is effective in causing the regression of selected murine tumors when administered at high concentrations. Therapeutic levels in humans cannot be obtained systemically, however, because of dose-limiting toxicity. The development of immunotherapy with IL-2 and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL), which can accumulate at tumor sites in some patients, and(More)