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Mice infected with LP-BM5 develop a severe immunodeficiency accompanied by learning and memory deficits, gliosis, and neurotransmitter abnormalities. The neurochemical alterations are consistent with elevated excitotoxin levels, suggesting that infected mice may incur neuronal damage. Although the number of neocortical neurons was unchanged in mice 12 wk(More)
Serum protein levels in LP-BM5 infected mouse brains were investigated to gain insight into the contribution of blood-brain barrier (BBB) patency to the pathogenesis of retroviral encephalopathy. Evans blue uptake by the forebrain and cerebellum was significantly increased between 8-12 weeks post inoculation. Immunohistochemistry revealed foci of albumin,(More)
Mice infected with the LP-BM5 murine leukemia virus (MuLV) develop an immunodeficiency syndrome (murine AIDS) and an encephalopathy characterized by impaired spatial learning and memory. Because platelet-activating factor (PAF) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of HIV-associated dementia complex, brain PAF levels were measured in LP-BM5 MuLV-infected(More)
Mice infected with the LP-BM5 murine leukemia virus (MuLV) develop an immune deficiency syndrome together with an encephalopathy characterized by impairments in spatial learning and memory. These cognitive deficits are evident before the appearance of neuron loss and lymphoid cell invasion of the brain. Nonetheless, a prominent gliosis and a variety of(More)
Evidence suggests that interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) plays an important role in CNS function and development. While the paucity of agents that selectively modify IFNgamma production or interaction with its receptors makes analyses of its potential behavioral relevance difficult, mice with null mutations of the IFNgamma gene have been used to investigate the(More)
Previous studies have led to the hypothesis that the ototoxicity produced by aminoglycoside antibiotics involves the excitotoxic activation of cochlear NMDA receptors. If this hypothesis is correct, then these antibiotics should also injure neurons within the brain. Because aminoglycosides do not readily penetrate the blood brain barrier, we examined the(More)
Potential neurotoxins such as nitric oxide have been implicated in the pathogenesis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) dementia complex. The LP-BM5 murine leukemia-infected mice, which develop immunological and cognitive deficits reminiscent of human HIV-1 infection, were employed to investigate the changes in brain constitutive nitric oxide(More)
Mice infected with the LP-BM5 leukemia retrovirus mixture develop a progressive immunodeficiency with associated behavioral, histological, and neurochemical alterations consistent with glutamatergic hyperactivation. To gain insight into the contribution of excitatory amino acids to the neurodegeneration observed in these mice, their concentrations were(More)
The status of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxizole (AMPA) receptors in several brain regions was investigated in a murine model of retrovirus-associated cognitive impairment, the LP-BM5 infected mouse. The Bmax of [3H]AMPA receptors in the cortex, striatum, hippocampus and cerebellum declined by 29-50% as early as 8 weeks post-inoculation.(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and platelet-activating factor (PAF) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated encephalopathy. The effects of pentoxifylline on brain PAF levels were examined in mice infected with the LP-BM5 murine leukemia virus (MuLV). Seven weeks after viral inoculation, significant(More)