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Effects of nicotine on circadian rhythms of ambulatory activity and drinking in male Wistar rats were examined. Nicotine was administered through the drinking water, and the daily doses of nicotine were adjusted to 0.5, 5 and 20 mg/kg/day. The treatment of nicotine induced a dose-dependent increase in ambulatory activity. On the other hand, fluid intake(More)
Circadian variation of nicotine-induced ambulatory activity in drug-naive rats was investigated. To test ambulatory activity, male Wistar rats (4 weeks of age) housed under a 12 hr light-dark cycle (light on from 6:00 to 18:00) with dawn and dusk periods (each over 2 hr), for 25 days, were injected with nicotine (0.1 or 0.5 mg/kg) at one of six times each(More)
When rats were pretreated with 3-methylcholanthrene of beta-naphthoflavone, hepatic nicotine oxidase activity per cytochrome P-448 molecule decreased, but the specific activity of the enzyme remained unchanged. After phenobarbital pretreatment, the specific activity of nicotine oxidase increased while the activity of the enzyme per cytochrome P-450 molecule(More)
When guinea pigs were treated with phenobarbital (PB), the specific activity of liver microsomal nicotine oxidase increased by 42%. PB-inducible cytochrome P-450 (PB-P-450) was purified to homogeneity from liver microsomes of PB-treated guinea pigs. Purified PB-P-450 catalyzed nicotine oxidation when reconstituted with NADPH-P-450 reductase and phospholipid(More)
Using chromatography on DE-52 and acetylcholine-Affi-Gel columns, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor was purified to approximately 10,000 fold from Lubrol extract of rat brain with a recovery of 15%. The purified preparation contained no cholinesterase activity. alpha-Bungarotoxin did not inhibit [3H]acetylcholine binding to the purified preparation. Sodium(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) purified from rat brains by cholinergic ligand affinity chromatography was characterized. Monoclonal antibody 299, which binds an acetylcholine (ACh) binding subunit termed alpha 4, depleted more than 85% of [3H]ACh binding activity of the purified preparation. A number of cholinergic agonists strongly inhibited(More)
Nicotine (0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg) administered subcutaneously to mice decreased the ambulatory activity recorded by an ambulo-meter in a dose-dependent manner from 5 to 60 min after the administration, and the higher dose (1.0 mg/kg) caused a long-lasting ataxia. To be noted was the initial increment of ambulation which usually preceded the ataxia-inducing(More)
The effects of staurosporine and K-252a, potent inhibitors of protein kinases, and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) on catecholamine secretion and protein phosphorylation in digitonin-permeabilized bovine adrenal medullary cells were investigated. Staurosporine and K-252a (0.01-10 microM) did not cause large changes in catecholamine secretion(More)