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PURPOSE Respiratory monitoring systems are used to detect the respiratory phase of patients during the planning and administration of respiratory gated radiotherapy by using four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) or 4D positron-emission tomography/CT (4DPET/CT) and the linear accelerator (linac), respectively. Generally, identical respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of deformable image registration (DIR) in assessing cumulative dose distributions of the combination of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and fractionated intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) for cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three-dimensional image data sets of five consecutive(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to clarify operational situations, treatment planning and processes, quality assurance and quality control with relevance to stereotactic radiotherapy, intensity-modulated radiotherapy and image-guided radiotherapy in Japan. METHODS We adopted 109 items as the quality indicators of high-precision radiotherapy to(More)
The purpose of this work is to retrospectively analyze the effect of the inhomogeneity correction using clinically treated plan of stage III non-small-cell lung cancer within multiple institutions in Japan. Twenty-five patients among five facilities of radiation therapy were registered for this study. The isocenter dose or D(95) of PTV or other important(More)
Respiratory motion management (RMM) systems in external and stereotactic radiotherapies have been developed in the past two decades. Japanese medical service fee regulations introduced reimbursement for RMM from April 2012. Based on thorough discussions among the four academic societies concerned, these Guidelines have been developed to enable staff(More)
OBJECTIVE Treatment outcomes after salvage re-irradiation in patients with recurrent head and neck cancer vary widely due to heterogeneous patient characteristics, and it is difficult to evaluate optimal re-irradiation schedules. This study aimed to validate a nomogram, originally developed by Tanvetyanon et al., used to predict the survival probability of(More)
BACKGROUND In Japan, breast-conserving surgery with closed cavity has generally been performed for breast cancer patients, and accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) is considered difficult because Asian females generally have smaller breast sizes than Western females. Therefore, common identification of target and treatment plan method in APBI is(More)
BACKGROUND A Japanese prospective multi-institutional feasibility study on accelerated partial breast irradiation using interstitial brachytherapy was performed. The first clinical results were reported with a median follow-up of 26 months. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-six female breast cancer patients with positive hormone receptors and tumors ≤3 cm,(More)
Radiotherapy with high doses per fraction may have the potential to control radioresistant tumors, such as malignant melanoma. Here we report 2 cases with malignant melanoma of the nasal cavity treated with hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy using CyberKnife®.