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The proprotein precursors of storage proteins are post-translationally processed to produce their respective mature forms within the protein storage vacuoles of maturing seeds. To investigate the processing mechanism in vivo, we isolated Arabidopsis mutants that accumulate detectable amounts of the precursors of the storage proteins, 12 S globulins and 2 S(More)
Putative vacuolar sorting receptors that bind to the vacuolar targeting signals have been found in various plants; pumpkin PV72, pea BP-80 and Arabidopsis AtELP. PV72 is a seed-specific receptor that is predicted to sort seed storage proteins to protein storage vacuoles. Analysis by surface plasmon resonance showed that the lumenal domain of PV72 bound to(More)
Two Arabidopsis thaliana genes have been shown to function in vacuolar sorting of seed storage proteins: a vacuolar sorting receptor, VSR1/ATELP1, and a retromer component, MAIGO1 (MAG1)/VPS29. Here, we show an efficient and simple method for isolating vacuolar sorting mutants of Arabidopsis. The method was based on two findings in this study. First, VSR1(More)
Seed storage proteins are synthesized on rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) as larger precursors and are sorted to protein storage vacuoles, where they are converted into the mature forms. We report here an Arabidopsis mutant, maigo 1 (mag1), which abnormally accumulates the precursors of two major storage proteins, 12S globulin and 2S albumin, in dry seeds.(More)
Previously, we characterized a mitochondrial co-chaperonin (Cpn10) and a chloroplast co-chaperonin (Cpn20) from Arabidopsis thaliana (Koumoto, Y., Tsugeki, R., Shimada, T., Mori, H., Kondo, M., Hara-Nishimura, I., and Nishimura, M. (1996) Plant J. 10, 1119-1125; Koumoto, Y., Shimada, T., Kondo, M., Takao, T., Shimonishi, Y., Hara-Nishimura, I., and(More)
Chloroplast chaperonin 20 (Cpn20) in higher plants is a functional homologue of the Escherichia coli GroES, which is a critical regulator of chaperonin-mediated protein folding. The cDNA for a Cpn20 homologue of Arabidopsis thaliana was isolated. It was 958 bp long, encoding a protein of 253 amino acids. The protein was composed of an N-terminal chloroplast(More)
Myrosin cells in Capparales plants are idioblasts that accumulate thioglucoside glucohydrolase (TGG, also called myrosinase), which hydrolyzes glucosinolates to produce toxic compounds for repelling pests. Here, we show that AtVAM3 is involved in development of myrosin cells. It has been shown that yeast VAM3 is a Q(a)-SNARE that is involved in vesicle(More)
Flavonoids are the most important pigments for the coloration of flowers and seeds. In plant cells, flavonoids are synthesized by a multi-enzyme complex located on the cytosolic surface of the endoplasmic reticulum, and they accumulate in vacuoles. Two non-exclusive pathways have been proposed to mediate flavonoid transport to vacuoles: the membrane(More)
The trans-Golgi network (TGN) is a tubular-vesicular organelle that matures from the trans cisternae of the Golgi apparatus. In plants, the TGN functions as a central hub for three trafficking pathways: the secretory pathway, the vacuolar trafficking pathway and the endocytic pathway. Here, we describe a novel TGN-localized membrane protein, CONTINUOUS(More)
In Arabidopsis thaliana, MAIGO 2 (MAG2) is involved in protein transport between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi apparatus via its association with the ER-localized t-SNARE components SYP81/AtUfe1 and SEC20. To characterize the molecular machinery of MAG2-mediated protein transport, we explored MAG2-interacting proteins using transgenic A.(More)