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The proprotein precursors of storage proteins are post-translationally processed to produce their respective mature forms within the protein storage vacuoles of maturing seeds. To investigate the processing mechanism in vivo, we isolated Arabidopsis mutants that accumulate detectable amounts of the precursors of the storage proteins, 12 S globulins and 2 S(More)
Putative vacuolar sorting receptors that bind to the vacuolar targeting signals have been found in various plants; pumpkin PV72, pea BP-80 and Arabidopsis AtELP. PV72 is a seed-specific receptor that is predicted to sort seed storage proteins to protein storage vacuoles. Analysis by surface plasmon resonance showed that the lumenal domain of PV72 bound to(More)
Seed storage proteins are synthesized on rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) as larger precursors and are sorted to protein storage vacuoles, where they are converted into the mature forms. We report here an Arabidopsis mutant, maigo 1 (mag1), which abnormally accumulates the precursors of two major storage proteins, 12S globulin and 2S albumin, in dry seeds.(More)
Two Arabidopsis thaliana genes have been shown to function in vacuolar sorting of seed storage proteins: a vacuolar sorting receptor, VSR1/ATELP1, and a retromer component, MAIGO1 (MAG1)/VPS29. Here, we show an efficient and simple method for isolating vacuolar sorting mutants of Arabidopsis. The method was based on two findings in this study. First, VSR1(More)
Previously, we characterized a mitochondrial co-chaperonin (Cpn10) and a chloroplast co-chaperonin (Cpn20) from Arabidopsis thaliana (Koumoto, Y., Tsugeki, R., Shimada, T., Mori, H., Kondo, M., Hara-Nishimura, I., and Nishimura, M. (1996) Plant J. 10, 1119-1125; Koumoto, Y., Shimada, T., Kondo, M., Takao, T., Shimonishi, Y., Hara-Nishimura, I., and(More)
Chloroplast chaperonin 20 (Cpn20) in higher plants is a functional homologue of the Escherichia coli GroES, which is a critical regulator of chaperonin-mediated protein folding. The cDNA for a Cpn20 homologue of Arabidopsis thaliana was isolated. It was 958 bp long, encoding a protein of 253 amino acids. The protein was composed of an N-terminal chloroplast(More)
Seed storage proteins are synthesized on rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in a precursor form and then are transported to protein storage vacuoles (PSVs) where they are converted to their mature form. To understand the mechanisms by which storage proteins are transported, we screened Arabidopsis maigo mutants to identify those that abnormally accumulate(More)
Myrosin cells in Capparales plants are idioblasts that accumulate thioglucoside glucohydrolase (TGG, also called myrosinase), which hydrolyzes glucosinolates to produce toxic compounds for repelling pests. Here, we show that AtVAM3 is involved in development of myrosin cells. It has been shown that yeast VAM3 is a Q(a)-SNARE that is involved in vesicle(More)
SYP2 proteins are a sub-family of Qa-SNAREs (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors) that may be responsible for protein trafficking between pre-vacuolar compartments (PVC) and vacuoles. Arabidopsis thaliana SYP22/VAM3/SGR3 and SYP21/PEP12 proteins function independently, but are both reported to be essential for male(More)
The trans-Golgi network (TGN) is a tubular-vesicular organelle that matures from the trans cisternae of the Golgi apparatus. In plants, the TGN functions as a central hub for three trafficking pathways: the secretory pathway, the vacuolar trafficking pathway and the endocytic pathway. Here, we describe a novel TGN-localized membrane protein, CONTINUOUS(More)