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Nine sets of nested PCR primers from a 2.6-kb region of the hepatitis G virus (HGV) genome at nucleotide positions 5829 to 8421 were designed and used to analyze serum specimens obtained from patients with community-acquired non-A, non-B hepatitis who were HGV RNA positive. One set of primers was found to be most efficient in detecting HGV and was(More)
The nucleotide sequence from position 5,014 to 7,186 of the hepatitis E virus (HEV) genome was determined using a set of 10 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fragments amplified directly from a pool of fecal specimens obtained from patients with well-documented epidemic HEV infection in Morocco. This sequence contains the 3'-terminal region of open reading(More)
The objectives of the present study were to establish the presence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in New Zealand pigs, first by testing for HEV antibody in pig herds throughout New Zealand to measure the herd prevalence, then by attempting to amplify HEV genomic sequences by PCR. Antibody was measured by two independently designed ELISA serology tests. HEV RNA(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The purpose of the present study was to develop enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for the detection of IgG anti-hepatitis E virus (HEV) activity using two new recombinant proteins as antigenic targets, and to evaluate these EIA with the aid of statistical methods. METHODS Two proteins, a mosaic protein and pB166 containing region 452-617 aa of(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a human pathogen that causes acute hepatitis. When an HEV capsid protein containing a 52-amino-acid deletion at the C terminus and a 111-amino-acid deletion at the N terminus is expressed in insect cells, the recombinant HEV capsid protein can self-assemble into a T=1 virus-like particle (VLP) that retains the antigenicity of the(More)
UNLABELLED The recent epidemic history of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections in the United States is complex, as indicated by current disparity in HBV genotype distribution between acute and chronic hepatitis B cases and the rapid decline in hepatitis B incidence since the 1990s. We report temporal changes in the genetic composition of the HBV population(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) disease is the lowest ever in the United States. We describe recent incidence and characteristics of cases of HAV disease from 6 US sites conducting hepatitis surveillance in the Emerging Infections Program. METHODS Health departments conducted enhanced, population-based surveillance for HAV from 2005(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral treatment for HIV-infection before immunologic decline (early ART) and pre-exposure chemoprophylaxis (PrEP) can prevent HIV transmission, but routine adoption of these practices by clinicians has been limited. METHODS Between September and December 2013, healthcare practitioners affiliated with a regional AIDS Education and(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the molecular epidemiology of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Central China. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A total of 570 patients from Hubei Province in central China were enrolled. These patients were tested positive for HCV antibody prior to blood transfusion. Among them, 177 were characterized by partial NS5B(More)
BACKGROUND In January 2015, a total of 11 new diagnoses of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were reported in a small community in Indiana. We investigated the extent and cause of the outbreak and implemented control measures. METHODS We identified an outbreak-related case as laboratory-confirmed HIV infection newly diagnosed after October 1,(More)