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Four Gram-positive bacteria, strains A1-17B(T), A1-22(T), A1-3(T) and A1-8, isolated from the air in the Russian space laboratory Mir, were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Phylogenetic analysis of the bacteria based on their 16S rDNA sequence showed that they belong to the genera Rothia (A1-17B(T)), Rhodococcus (A1-22(T)) and Arthrobacter(More)
On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, novel species belonging to the genera Sphingomonas and Brevundimonas were identified from samples taken from the Russian space laboratory Mir. Strain A1-18(T) was isolated from the air. 16S rDNA sequence analysis showed that strain A1-18(T) formed a coherent(More)
Infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa often are hard to treat; inappropriate chemotherapy readily selects multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa. This organism can be exposed to a wide range of concentrations of antimicrobials during treatment; learning more about the responses of P. aeruginosa to antimicrobials is therefore important. We review here(More)
The PCR primers for O, H, and Vi antigen genes, tyv (rfbE), prt (rfbS), fliC-d, fliC-a, and viaB, were designed and used for the rapid identification of Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A with multiplex PCR. The results showed that all the clinical isolates examined of Salmonella serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A were accurately identified by(More)
During a 53-month period (March 1994 to August 1998), 48 Corynebacterium striatum isolates recovered from clinical specimens were characterized. The organisms were identified by both phenotypic characteristics and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Thirty-six (75%) were isolated from sputum/bronchial aspirates, 10 (21%) from wound exudates/pus, 1 (2%) from(More)
In the last few years, many attempts have been made to use conserved gene sequences for identification and for phylogenetic studies of Staphylococcus species. In an effort to identify a more reliable approach, a dnaJ gene sequence-based database was created. In this study, an approximately 883 bp portion of the dnaJ gene sequence from 45 staphylococcal type(More)
Two Gram-positive, endospore-forming, alkaliphilic bacteria were isolated from water samples obtained from the Okuhida hot spa area of Japan. The unknown bacteria were characterized using phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. On the basis of phylogenetic evidence and phenotypic distinctiveness, a new species, Bacillus okuhidensis sp. nov., is(More)
Of 150 clinical isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae recovered in 2001, we examined 55 clinical isolates of N. gonorrhoeae for which cefixime MICs were > or=0.125 microg/ml and randomly selected 15 isolates for which cefixime MICs were < or =0.06 microg/ml for analysis of alterations in the penicillin-binding protein 2 (PBP 2) gene. We found insertion of an(More)
Helicobacter cinaedi was first isolated from rectal cultures from homosexual men in 1984. In the 1980s to mid 1990s, the microorganism was mainly isolated from samples from homosexual men or immunocompromised patients; however, during the last two decades, H. cinaedi has been isolated from immunocompromised and from immunocompetent individuals worldwide. In(More)
Z66 antigen-positive strains of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi change flagellin expression in only one direction from the z66 antigen to the d or j antigen, which is different from the phase variation of S. enterica serovar Typhimurium. In the present study, we identified a new flagellin gene in z66 antigen-positive strains of S. enterica serovar Typhi.(More)