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Pregnant female ICR mice, maintained on torula-based diets containing various amounts of Se (0.02, 0.05, or 0.4 mg/kg diet), were given methyl-mercury (MeHg; 0, 5, or 9 mg Hg/kg in total) on the 12-14th days of gestation. The neurobehavioral function of the offspring born to these dams was evaluated with respect to reflex and motor development, thermal(More)
Pregnant mice of three inbred strains (BALB/c, C57BL/6J, C57BL/6Cr) were orally given methylmercury (MMC; 3 x 3 mg/kg body weight) or the equivalent volume of phosphate-buffered saline during days 12-14 of gestation and allowed to deliver. The behaviors of their male offspring were evaluated in an open field and their home cage and in a Morris water maze.(More)
Pregnant ICR mice were subcutaneously injected with 0,5, or 3x3 mg Hg/kg of methylmercury (MeHg) on days 12,13, and 14(G12-14) of gestation and were sacrificed on G17. Activity of selenoenzymes, including glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and 5'- or 5-iodothyronine deiodinases (5'-DI, 5-DI), was determined in fetal brain and placenta. MeHg did not affect the(More)
Effect of prenatal exposure to methylmercury (MeHg) on the glutathione (GSH) levels and lipid peroxidation in the fetal brain was examined. Pregnant ICR mice were injected with 3 mgHg/kg of MeHg on gestational day 12, 13 and 14 (G12-14). On the G14 or G17, the fetal brains were removed and their GSH levels and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS)(More)
An analytical method that uses two different high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) columns in tandem has been developed that separates three major selenium-containing proteins (albumin, glutathione peroxidase, and selenoprotein P) found in human blood plasma. The first column was a heparin affinity column and the second was a gel filtration column(More)
The alteration of renal deposition of mercury (Hg) after mercury vapor (Hgo) exposure was studied in mice pretreated with acivicin, a potent and irreversible inhibitor of γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT). Pretreatment with acivicin decreased renal Hg concentration by about 60% and significantly increased Hg concentration in the urine compared with the(More)
To determine whether mild and chronic heat stress leads to oxidative stress and to differentiate such effects of different exposure periods, we kept male ICR-mice at an ambient temperature of either 35 degrees C or 25 degrees C for 6 hours, 3 days, or 7 days and measured the concentrations of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), glutathione(More)
The distribution of selenium in human plasma has been investigated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) connected directly to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Human plasma was loaded on to a size exclusion column and eluted with 0.01 M sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) at a flow rate of 0.6 ml/min. Four peaks of selenium(More)
To determine whether a selenium (Se) deficiency in the brain leads to a functional change in dopaminergic transmission in the striatum, in vivo microdialysis was conducted in mice fed a low-Se diet. After 11-13 weeks of the diet regimen, the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in the Se-deficient brain was reduced to 60% of the control brain. A high K+(More)
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