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TMPRSS4 is a novel type II transmembrane serine protease found at the cell surface that is highly expressed in pancreatic, colon and gastric cancer tissues. However, the biological functions of TMPRSS4 in cancer are unknown. Here we show, using reverse transcription-PCR, that TMPRSS4 is highly elevated in lung cancer tissues compared with normal tissues and(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the polymorphism in the cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) gene and its relationship with autoimmune thyroid disease in Koreans. Polymorphism in the promoter and exon 1 of CTLA-4, clinical symptoms of disease and thyrotropin receptor antibody (TSHRAb) characteristics were analyzed. Polymorphism was detected(More)
AIMS To investigate any association between Type 2 diabetes mellitus and two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the adiponectin gene, T45G and G276T, in the Korean population. METHODS We genotyped 427 non-diabetic controls and 493 Type 2 diabetic patients for SNPs T45G and G276T of adiponectin gene, measured plasma adiponectin concentrations, and(More)
Somatic mutations in the transforming growth factor beta receptor type II (TGF-beta RII) gene have been observed in various human cancers showing microsatellite instability. Most of the mutations observed were additions or deletions of the mononucleotide repeat sequence present in TGF-beta RII coding region, suggesting that the TGF-beta RII may be a target(More)
AIMS We examined whether the common polymorphisms of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) gene are associated with Type 2 diabetes or obesity in the Korean population. METHODS We genotyped two common PPARgamma polymorphisms (Pro12Ala and 161C > T) and examined their association with the clinical phenotypes found in 684 patients(More)
After endometrial cancer, gastric cancer is the second most common extracolonic cancer in cases of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), where the relative risk in HNPCC familial members is known to be 4-fold. However, it is not yet clear whether HNPCC families from Korea, an endemic area for gastric cancer, have the same relative risk or(More)
We examined the relationship between dietary intake and cognitive performance in Korean elderly people. Data for dietary intake, anthropometric measurements and cognitive function tests were collected and the relationships of the variables were analyzed. A random sample of 210 men and 239 women in Korea, aged 60 and over, was selected. Subjects were(More)
A novel scheme for the focusing of high-energy leptons in future linear colliders was proposed in 2001 [P. Raimondi and A. Seryi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3779 (2001)]. This scheme has many advantageous properties over previously studied focusing schemes, including being significantly shorter for a given energy and having a significantly better energy(More)
BACKGROUND Chitosan is a biodegradable natural polymer that has been shown to improve wound healing. This study aimed to develop chitosan/tricalcium phosphate (TCP) sponges as tissue engineering scaffolds for bone formation by three-dimensional osteoblast culture. METHODS The sponges were prepared by freeze-drying and cross-linking a mixture of chitosan(More)
The reported frequencies of Gs alpha mutations (gsp mutations) in growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenomas are variable (ranging from 4.4 to 43%), and the presence of these mutations in the other pituitary adenomas is still a matter of controversy. Previous clinical and biochemical analyses of patients with GH-secreting pituitary adenomas and gsp(More)