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Mutations at the mouse locus encoding microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (Mitf) affect the development of many cell types, including retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), melanocytes, mast cells, and osteoclasts. Here we have identified a novel Mitf isoform, Mitf-a, and its human homologue MITF-A by cDNA cloning. MITF-A consists of 520 amino acid(More)
Transplantation of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) may have potential clinical application for the surgical treatment of RPE-specific retinal degeneration, including age-related macular degeneration. The feasibility of an RPE storage bank has been investigated by experimenting with transplantation using viable, cryopreserved RPE cells. Fresh and cultured(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether adrenomedullin (ADM), a vasorelaxant peptide is produced and secreted by human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells, whether ADM expression is regulated by inflammatory cytokines and a growth factor, and whether ADM has proliferative effects on these cells. METHODS Production and secretion of ADM by cultured human RPE cells(More)
Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells, which proliferate and dedifferentiate under several pathological conditions, and cultured RPE cells have been considered a good model for comparison. In this investigation, we compared the properties of RPE cells in proliferative vitreoretinopathy with that of cultured human RPE cells. mRNAs of RPE cells from patients(More)
PURPOSE To explore the effects of hypoxia on the production and secretion of adrenomedullin (ADM) and endothelin (ET)-1 in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. METHODS RPE cells were cultured under normoxic or hypoxic (1% O2) conditions. Expression of ADM and ET-1 was examined by Northern blot analysis and radioimmunoassay. Effects of ADM and(More)
Potential antigen-presenting cells in the posterior segment of Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rat eyes were analyzed quantitatively. Light microscopic immunohistochemistry was performed at postnatal days (P) 10, 20, 28, 42, 63, and 140 in the eyes of RCS rats and their congenic counterparts. Immunohistochemical studies were carried out using monoclonal(More)
The retinal glucose-6-phosphatase system was studied in rabbits. Following subcellular fractionation of the retina by differential centrifugation, the microsomal fraction was used for spectrophotometrical assay of the phosphate release. Assays were performed with intact and Triton X-100-treated preparations. Intactness of the microsomal preparations was(More)
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