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DESCRIPTION. The Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation publishes papers on state-of-the-art visual communication and image representation, with emphasis on novel technologies and theoretical work in this multidisciplinary area of pure and applied research. The field of visual communication and image representation is considered in its(More)
AIM Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a highly profibrogenic molecule implicated in renal fibrogenesis. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) is an effective tool to silence gene expression. This study determined whether caudal vein injection of siRNA targeting CTGF inhibited its expression in rat kidneys in vivo, and furthermore whether it protected the(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Prior studies have demonstrated that both the skin surface pH and epidermal permeability barrier function vary with skin pigmentation types. Although melanin deficiency is the main feature of vitiligo, alterations in cutaneous biophysical properties in vitiligo have not yet been well defined. In the present study, stratum corneum (SC)(More)
A simple rapid test for detecting praziquantel resistance in Schistosoma sp., involving change in shape of miracidia on exposure to praziquantel, was evaluated in China. Tests on miracidia hatched from eggs collected from naturally infected goats were run in a field laboratory in Jiangxi Province and a research laboratory in Shanghai. The mean values in the(More)
AIM We sought to investigate the effects of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) on chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) by affecting Rho and ROCK signal pathways. METHODS Male inbred F344 rat renal grafts orthotopically transplanted into Lewis rats were first treated with CsA (10 mg/kg(-1).d(-1) x 10 d) and then divided into 3 groups (each n = 9): (1) orally(More)
BACKGROUND Endotoxin tolerance is an important mechanism to maintain the homeostasis of liver. It was reported that suppressors of cytokine signalling-1 was a negative regulator of lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophages activation, however, the mechanism underlying endotoxin tolerance and suppressors of cytokine signalling-1 has not been fully elucidated.(More)
This randomized controlled study investigated metformin and fenofibrate, compared with metformin alone, for the treatment of peripheral insulin resistance in patients with simple obesity with hyperinsulinaemia but not diabetes. Participants were randomized to receive metformin (500 mg orally three times daily) plus either fenofibrate (200 mg orally once(More)
A simple, fast, efficient method of direct reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from whole blood without RNA extraction is described. After the erythrocytes in a few microliters of fresh blood were destroyed and removed, the total RNA was released from the leukocytes by means of water treated with diethyl pyrocarbonate. The solution was(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have indicated that angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) and angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) and tyrosine kinase receptor Tie2 regulate the maintenance and integrity of blood vessels and have potential anti-inflammatory properties. This study of cardiac allografts investigated whether there is a difference between rapamycin and cyclosporine A (CsA) in the(More)
LIM domain kinase 1 (LIMK1), an actin-binding kinase, can phosphorylate and inactivate its substrates, and can regulate long-term memory and synaptic plasticity. Both β-amyloid precursor protein (App) and presenilin (PS) are functional degeneration factors during early neuronal development, and are considered as potential factors that contribute to the(More)