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Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) comprises a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of diseases that afflicts approximately 1.5 million people worldwide. Affected individuals suffer from a progressive degeneration of the photoreceptors, eventually resulting in severe visual impairment. To isolate candidate genes for chorioretinal diseases, we cloned cDNAs(More)
Mutations in the crumbs homologue 1 (CRB1) gene cause a specific form of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) that is designated "RP12" and is characterized by a preserved para-arteriolar retinal pigment epithelium (PPRPE) and by severe loss of vision at age <20 years. Because of the early onset of disease in patients who have RP with PPRPE, we considered CRB1 to be a(More)
Mutations in the human Crumbs homologue 1 (CRB1) gene cause severe retinal dystrophies, ranging from retinitis pigmentosa to Leber congenital amaurosis. The CRB1 gene is expressed specifically in human retina and brain and encodes a protein homologous to the Drosophila Crumbs protein. In crumbs mutant embryos apico-basal polarity of epithelial cells is(More)
Deafness with fixation of the stapes (DFN3) is the most frequent X-linked form of hearing impairment. The underlying gene has been localized to a 500-kilobase segment of the Xq21 band. Here, it is reported that a candidate gene for this disorder, Brain 4 (POU3F4), which encodes a transcription factor with a POU domain, maps to the same interval. In five(More)
X-linked deafness with stapes fixation (DFN3) is caused by mutations in the POU3F4 gene at Xq21.1. By employing pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) we identified a chromosomal aberration in the DNA of a DFN3 patient who did not show alterations in the open reading frame (ORF) of POU3F4. Southern blot analysis indicated that a DNA segment of 150 kb,(More)
We have found that the microsatellite marker AFM207zg5 (DXS995) maps to all previously described deletions which are associated with X-linked mixed deafness (DFN3) with or without choroideremia and mental retardation. Employing this marker and pHU16 (DXS26) we have identified two partially overlapping yeast artificial chromosome clones which were used to(More)
We have constructed human cDNA libraries enriched for retina- and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)/choroid-specific cDNAs through suppression subtractive hybridization. The sequence of 314 cDNAs from the retina enriched library and 126 cDNAs from the RPE/choroid enriched library was analyzed. Based on the absence of a database match, 25% of the retina cDNA(More)
We analysed a Dutch family with autosomal dominant non-syndromic progressive sensorineural hearing loss and mapped the underlying gene defect by genetic linkage analysis to a 11.0 cM region overlapping the DFNA9 interval on chromosome 14q12-q13. Clinically, the Dutch family differs from the original DFNA9 family by a later age at onset and a more clearly(More)