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BACKGROUND/AIMS Patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 or 3 usually respond better to interferon (IFN) treatment than those infected with genotype 1. In this study, we investigated whether the non-structural 5A protein (NS5A) of HCV genotypes 1 and 2 (1b-NS5A and 2a-NS5A, respectively) exerted differential counteractivities against IFN(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Drug resistance often causes treatment failure in neuroblastomas. Increasing evidence has implicated that the micro-RNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the development of drug resistance. In this report, we aimed to investigate the role of miRNA in cisplatin resistance of neuroblastoma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS The cell viability of the(More)
The NS5A protein of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an integral component of the viral replicase. It also modulates cellular signaling and perturbs host interferon responses. The multifunctional characteristics of NS5A are mostly attributed to its ability to interact with various cellular proteins. This study aimed to identify the novel cellular factors that(More)
Stroke is one of the leading causes of mortality, with a high incidence of severe morbidity in survivors. The treatment to minimize tissue injury after stroke is still unsatisfactory and it is mandatory to develop effective treatment strategies for stroke. The pathophysiology of ischemic stroke is complex and involves many processes including energy(More)
The effects of valproic acid (VPA) on the viability, apoptosis, and invasiveness of two glioma cells (A172 and T98G) and the underlying mechanisms were studied. VPA induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis, and suppressed the invasiveness of both cells. VPA increased the activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in A172 cells, but decreased it in(More)
BACKGROUND Neuroblastoma is the most common pediatric solid extracranial malignancy. Increased expression of MYCN, a member of Myc family, is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with neuroblastoma. Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) is known to be critical to the survival of Myc-overexpressing neoplasms. In this study, we investigated the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Reversion-inducing-cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK) is critical for the invasiveness and metastasis of tumor cells; however, its role in regulating the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response remains unclear. In this study we investigated the protein that interacts with RECK and the effects of RECK overexpression on the ER stress(More)
We isolated the cDNA of a novel platelet-derived growth factor-like gene from human endometrium. The gene was named fallotein; it was 3007 bases in length, and encoded a protein of 345 amino acids. Antiserum against the fallotein protein can recognize a specific protein in the fallopian tube, with a molecular size in accordance with the anticipated size of(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) can protect against ischemia-reperfusion injury in the small intestine. Because intestinal stem cells (ISCs) control the recovery and growth of intestinal villi, this study investigated whether IPC had any effects on the activity of ISCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS The small intestines of mice were treated with IPC,(More)