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The mammalian cochlea contains an invariant mosaic of sensory hair cells and non-sensory supporting cells reminiscent of invertebrate structures such as the compound eye in Drosophila melanogaster. The sensory epithelium in the mammalian cochlea (the organ of Corti) contains four rows of mechanosensory hair cells: a single row of inner hair cells and three(More)
The Notch signaling pathway is a conserved intercellular signaling mechanism that is essential for proper embryonic development in numerous metazoan organisms. We have examined the in vivo role of the Jagged2 (Jag2) gene, which encodes a ligand for the Notch family of transmembrane receptors, by making a targeted mutation that removes a domain of the(More)
The Slug gene encodes a zinc finger protein, homologous to the product of the Drosophila Snail gene, that is implicated in the generation and migration of both mesoderm and neural crest cells in several vertebrate species. We describe here the cloning and genetic analysis of the mouse Slug (Slugh) gene. Slugh encodes a 269-amino-acid protein the shares 92%(More)
Snail family genes encode DNA binding zinc finger proteins that act as transcriptional repressors. Mouse embryos deficient for the Snail (Sna) gene exhibit defects in the formation of the mesoderm germ layer. In Sna(-/-) mutant embryos, a mesoderm layer forms and mesodermal marker genes are induced but the mutant mesoderm is morphologically abnormal.(More)
The Notch gene family encodes large transmembrane receptors that are components of an evolutionarily conserved intercellular signaling mechanism. To assess the in vivo role of the Notch2 gene, we constructed a targeted mutation, Notch2(del1). Unexpectedly, we found that alternative splicing of the Notch2(del1) mutant allele leads to the production of two(More)
IL-12 is a complex cytokine in both its structure and its range of biologic activities. Fusions of this heterodimeric molecule with an intact antitumor Ab were made to test the feasibility and efficacy of targeting IL-12 to tumors to elicit a local immune response. Fusion proteins composed of the human p35 and p40 subunits had IL-12 bioactivities that were(More)
The control of medically important arthropod vectors of human and animal disease is a high priority for both public health and military officials. Because droplet size of pesticide spray material is a critical factor affecting vector control applications, the droplet-size spectra produced by 11 sprayers and 3 spray formulations were evaluated. Droplet-size(More)
Several studies of underground miners have demonstrated that exposure to radioactive radon gas (more precisely, 222Rn and its short-lived decay products) at levels historically found in mines increases the risk of lung cancer. Because of small numbers of lung cancers, previous studies have had limited power to evaluate temporal and other characteristics of(More)
We have developed a general expression system that enhances the production and secretion of proteins in mammalian cells. The protein of interest is expressed as a fusion to a signal peptide and the Fc fragment of immunoglobulin as the N-terminal fusion partner, which can direct the cellular processes into expressing and secreting high levels of many(More)
A recombinant humanized antibody-interleukin 2 fusion protein (huKS1/4-IL-2) was used to direct IL-2 to the tumor microenvironment and elicit a T cell-mediated eradication of established pulmonary and hepatic CT26-KSA colon carcinoma metastases in syngeneic BALB/c mice. This antitumor effect was specific because a fusion protein, which was nonreactive with(More)