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Polypharmacy, common in older people, confers both risk of adverse outcomes and benefits. We assessed the relationship of commonly prescribed medications with anticholinergic and sedative effects to physical and cognitive performance in older individuals. The study population comprised 932 moderately to severely disabled community-resident women aged 65(More)
Many antiretroviral (ARV) drugs have large blood plasma-to-seminal plasma (BP/SP) concentration ratios. Concern exists that these drugs do not adequately penetrate the male genital tract (MGT), resulting in the MGT becoming a "pharmacological sanctuary" from these agents, with ineffective MGT concentrations despite effective blood concentrations. Efavirenz(More)
Study of male genital tract (MGT) pharmacology is relevant to the treatment of prostatitis, prostate cancer, infertility, and seminal human immunodeficiency virus transmission. However, the time course of drug concentrations in the MGT is largely unknown. To determine the feasibility of frequent semen sampling in assessing the pharmacokinetics of the MGT,(More)
A substantial health burden results from medical problems affecting the male genital tract, including chronic morbidity conditions affecting a large proportion of men, such as benign prostatic hypertrophy and prostatitis, and potentially lethal conditions, such as prostate cancer and human immunodeficiency virus transmission. Rational approaches to(More)
Acute antidepressant exposure elevates the frequency of impulsive behavior and suicidal thoughts in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD). Long-term antidepressant treatment, however, is beneficial for pediatric MDD, so it is necessary to explore novel treatments that prevent the potentially dangerous consequences of acute(More)
OBJECTIVE The correlation of the embryo matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) secretion, embryonic development and clinical pregnancy was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS The embryo culture from in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) patients were collected in the Xuzhou Central Hospital from January 2013 to September 2014. At the same time, the(More)
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