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Seven clinical isolates of Shigella sonnei with reduced susceptibilities to fluoroquinolones (sparfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, and ofloxacin) were obtained. The MICs of fluoroquinolones against these S. sonnei strains were 16 to 32 times higher than those obtained against typical strains that are highly susceptible to these agents. The kinetics of(More)
Clinical isolates of Shigella spp. were examined for their susceptibility to human serum. The susceptibility of the strains to immune and nonimmune human serum was dependent upon the size of the bacterial inoculum and the concentration of serum. There were differences among Shigella spp. in susceptibility to human serum: S. sonnei strains were the least(More)
It has been known that tsutsugamushi disease, so-called "Shichito-fever", is widely spread among the Izu Islands, Tokyo Metropolis. The cases were reported in Oshima Island, Niijima Island, Shikine Island, Kozu Island, Miyake Island, Mikura Island, and Hachijo Island previously, although no case has been reported in Toshima Island. In this paper, we report(More)
Lithium tantalate (LT) and lithium niobate (LN) have been widely used as the piezoelectric material for radio frequency (RF) surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices. Although LT and LN are highly piezoelectric, their temperature stability is rather poor. The temperature stability is characterized by the temperature coefficient of frequency (TCF)*1. One possible(More)