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1. The intrinsic electrical properties of human neocortical neurons were studied with current-clamp and single-electrode voltage-clamp techniques in slices obtained from children, aged 3 mo to 15 yr, undergoing surgical treatment of intractable epilepsy. Neocortical samples were classified as most or least abnormal based on clinical data. Recorded neurons(More)
1. The electrophysiological properties of suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) neurons (n = 33) receiving optic nerve input were studied with intracellular recordings in rat hypothalamic slices maintained in vitro. Our major goal was to provide baseline data concerning the intrinsic membrane properties of these neurons and to test the hypothesis that the neurons(More)
OBJECTIVES Given that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia may share clinical symptoms as well as functional brain abnormalities, this study was designed to clarify common and different morphological abnormalities in OCD and schizophrenia. METHODS Volumes of the hippocampus, the amygdala, and the thalamus were measured in three age and(More)
1. To study the synaptic mechanisms of excitatory transmission in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), we assessed the effects of excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists on excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) recorded from SCN neurons in horizontal and parasagittal hypothalamic slice preparations from rats and guinea-pigs. The EPSPs were evoked by(More)
Previous studies showed that heat-hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia produced by chronic constrictive injury of the sciatic nerve were differentially sensitive to the NMDA receptor antagonist dextrorphan and to morphine and other opioid receptor agonists. These results support the hypothesis that different kinds of neuropathic pain symptoms are caused by(More)
The recent emergence of surgical treatment of childhood epilepsy has led to the accessibility of young human cerebral tissue for electrophysiological studies of the mechanisms involved in epileptogenesis. Intracellular recordings were obtained from neurons in slices prepared from neocortical tissue resected from children (3 months to 15 years) with(More)
This study examined whether or not the production of mechanical allodynia in a rat model of neuropathic pain required an involvement of supraspinal site(s). To this aim, we assessed the effect of spinal cord section at the L1 segment level on the mechanical allodynia sign (i.e. tail flick/twitch response), which was elicited by innocuous von Frey hair(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether or not the number of enteroendocrine cells (ECs) in the gut is related to visceral hypersensitivity in patients with diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS). Twenty-five subjects with D-IBS (mean, 43.1 years; 16 women, nine men) were recruited into our study, along with 13 healthy controls(More)
1. The mechanisms responsible for evoked and spontaneous fast inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) were studied with intracellular recording. SCN neurons, primarily ones identified as receiving excitatory optic nerve input, were recorded in rat and guinea-pig brain slice preparations maintained in(More)
Recent evidence indicates that neuropathic pain from partial peripheral nerve injury is maintained by electrophysiologically abnormal signals from injured sensory neurons. To gain an insight into the mechanisms underlying this electrophysiological abnormality, we examined the effects of S1 spinal nerve transection on the membrane properties of S1 dorsal(More)