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An efficient Agrobacterium-mediated durum wheat transformation system has been developed for the production of 121 independent transgenic lines. This improved system used Agrobacterium strain AGL1 containing the superbinary pGreen/pSoup vector system and durum wheat cv Stewart as the recipient plant. Acetosyringone at 400 microM was added to both the(More)
New applications in materials, medicine, and computers are being discovered where the control of events at the molecular and nanoscopic scales is critical to product quality, although the primary manipulation of these events during processing occurs at mac-roscopic length scales. This motivates the creation of tools for the design and control of multiscale(More)
Synaptic plasticity, an emergent property of synaptic networks, has shown strong correlation to one of the essential functions of the brain, memory formation. Through understanding synaptic plasticity, we hope to discover the modulators and mechanisms that trigger memory formation. In this paper, we first review the well understood modulators and mechanisms(More)
Since the 1960s and the therapeutic use of hematopoietic stem cells of bone marrow origin, there has been an increasing interest in the study of undifferentiated progenitors that have the ability to proliferate and differentiate into various tissues. Stem cells (SC) with different potency can be isolated and characterised. Despite the promise of embryonic(More)
Although one is made to believe that a collaborative application that runs on a collection of heterogeneous mobile devices can be easily developed with the existing middleware technologies such as JXTA, BREW, compact .NET and J2ME, the reality is that they require too many ad-hoc techniques as well as cumbersome and time-consuming programming. Our System on(More)
Flow motion on curved surfaces of arbitrary topology is an interesting visual effect but a complex dynamics to simulate. In this paper, we introduce a novel and effective way to model such dynamics. We propose a technique that adapts a recently emerged computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model, unstructured lattice Boltzmann model (Unstructured LBM), from(More)