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C3 nephritic factor is an IgG autoantibody that causes complement activation by stabilizing the alternative pathway C3 convertase. It is associated with partial lipodystrophy and membrano-proliferative glomerulonephritis. The occurrence of C3 nephritic factor, partial lipodystrophy and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, whether singly or in any(More)
Monoclonal IgM rheumatoid factor forms complexes with IgG in essential mixed cryoglobulinemia. We demonstrate that such complexes fix C3 and C4 poorly, although efficient fluid-phase C3 conversion can occur. Fixation of small amounts of C4 may be sufficient to generate a C3 convertase, but may prevent subsequent fixation of C3 by competing for binding sites(More)
The contribution of secondary lymphoid tissue-homing central memory T cells (T(CM)) and peripheral tissue-homing effector memory T cells (T(EM)) to allograft rejection is not known. We tested whether T(EM) is the principal subset responsible for allograft rejection due to the nonlymphoid location of target antigens. Skin allograft rejection was studied(More)
Plasma samples from patients with nephritic factor (NeF) were examined for their C3 converting activity. C3, C3dg, C5 and the fluid phase terminal complement complex (TCC) were quantified. All patients had evidence of C3 activation with low plasma C3 and high C3dg. Some patients had normal C5 and normal TCC levels, and thus no evidence of terminal pathway(More)
Erythrocyte complement receptor type 1 (CR1) shows a numerical deficiency in patients with SLE and with haemolytic anaemias. This receptor is a cofactor for the enzymatic degradation of C3b and is believed to play a role in the transport of immune complexes from the circulation to the reticulo-endothelial system. Erythrocyte CR1 was enumerated on cells(More)
We sought biochemical evidence for a role of C receptors types 1 (CR1) and 2 (CR2) in B cell activation. A flow cytometer was used to measure the fluorescence of tonsillar cells that had been loaded with the calcium-dependent indicator indo-1, and cells were stimulated by cross-linking cell-bound DA4.4 anti-IgM, Yz-1 anti-CR1 or HB5 anti-CR2 with goat(More)
The role of complement and its receptor on erythrocytes (CR1) in the physiologic elimination of large immune complexes from the circulation of humans was assessed. Large radiolabeled soluble tetanus toxoid- anti-tetanus toxoid complexes were injected i.v. into three normal individuals and three patients with SLE. These complexes were prepared in antibody(More)
Defective clearance of immune complexes (IC) may contribute to the pathogenesis of diseases such as SLE. We studied the effect of hypocomplementaemia and the influence of erythrocyte complement receptor type 1 (CR1, CD35) number on the clearance of radiolabelled tetanus toxoid (TT)-anti-TT IC from the circulation. These were injected intravenously into 9(More)
We performed experiments to investigate whether immune complexes opsonized with C3b and iC3b transferred from CR1 on one erythrocyte to CR1 on others, and studied the effect of variation in erythrocyte CR1 number on the transfer reaction. We used populations of cells of different blood groups to study this phenomenon which were separated by differential(More)