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Astrogliosis is a predictable response of astrocytes to various types of injury caused by physical, chemical, and pathological trauma. It is characterized by hyperplasia, hypertrophy, and an increase in immunodetectable glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). As GFAP accumulation is one of the prominent features of astrogliosis, inhibition or delay in GFAP(More)
We have mapped conserved regions of enhanced DNase I accessibility within the endogenous chromosomal locus of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A). Synthetic zinc finger protein (ZFP) transcription factors were designed to target DNA sequences contained within the DNase I-hypersensitive regions. These ZFPs, when fused to either VP16 or p65(More)
Specific binding proteins are thought to modulate the effects of IGF-I. Previous work has demonstrated that media conditioned by human breast cancer cells contains IGF-I binding activity. Radiolabelled IGF-I incubated with serum-free conditioned media from the breast cancer cell line MDA-MB 231 eluted with an apparent M.W. of 35-40 kDa when analyzed by gel(More)
Spinal cord injury within the first few hours, is complicated by inflammatory mechanisms, including the influx of monocyte/macrophages as well as the activation of resident spinal microglia and astrocytes. Numerous studies have suggested that the initial infiltration of the hematogenous cells may be due to the secretion of cytokines and chemokines in the(More)
Microglia are important in the inflammatory response in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We showed previously that macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor (M-CSFR), encoded by the c-fms protooncogene, is overexpressed on microglia surrounding amyloid beta (Abeta) deposits in the APP(V717F) mouse model for AD. The M-CSFR is also increased on microglia after(More)
A previous study of the diversity and population structure of the rice blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae, over a 20-year period in Korea, found novel fingerprint haplotypes each year, and the authors hypothesized that populations might experience annual bottlenecks. Based on this model, we predicted that M. oryzae populations would have little or no genetic(More)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is the major constituent of glial filaments and is restricted within the CNS to astrocytes. As with other classes of intermediate filament proteins, the regulation of GFAP expression is poorly understood. Utilizing highly purified cultures of astrocytes and a chemically defined (CD) medium, we have demonstrated that(More)
Measurement of amino acid levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of children with various neurological disorders was performed with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Glutamate increased in patients with bacterial meningitis, aseptic meningitis and encephalitis. Aspartate increased in bacterial meningitis and seizure disorders. Glycine(More)
A procedure was developed for differentiation of vaccine strains and field isolates of infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of DNA fragments amplified from the genome of ILTV by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RFLP patterns of viral thymidine kinase (TK) gene, glycoprotein C (gC) gene, glycoprotein X(More)