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Camptothecin, a cytotoxic drug, is a strong inhibitor of nucleic acid synthesis in mammalian cells and a potent inducer of strand breaks in chromosomal DNA. Neither the equilibrium dialysis nor the unwinding measurement indicates any interaction between camptothecin and purified DNA. However, camptothecin induces extensive single strand DNA breaks in(More)
Camptothecin, which induces an unusual type of DNA damage by trapping cellular topoisomerase I on chromosomal DNA in the form of drug-enzyme-DNA cleavable complexes, inhibits DNA synthesis and specifically kills S-phase cells. Cotreatment of L1210 cells with aphidicolin, which is an inhibitor of replicative DNA polymerases, completely abolished camptothecin(More)
Camptothecin, a plant alkaloid with antitumor activity, has been shown to be a potent inhibitor of nucleic acid synthesis and a strong inducer of DNA strand breaks in mammalian cells. Previous studies have shown that camptothecin inhibits purified mammalian DNA topoisomerase I by trapping a reversible enzyme-DNA "cleavable complex" (Hsiang et al., J. Biol.(More)
20(S)-Camptothecin, the 20(S)-camptothecin sodium salt, and 12 analogues with substituents on the A ring differ widely in their effectiveness in the treatment of murine L1210 lymphoblastic leukemia in vivo. The drugs were screened in the following systems: System 1, the cleavage of DNA in the presence of purified topoisomerase I; System 2, drug-induced(More)
Antitumor drugs from many chemical classes have been shown to induce protein-linked DNA breaks in cultured mammalian cells and in vitro in the presence of purified mammalian DNA topoisomerase II. The possibility that mammalian DNA topoisomerase II is an intracellular target which mediates drug-induced DNA breaks is supported by the following studies using(More)
Adriamycin, amsacrine, and etoposide produce protein-associated DNA breaks in numerous cell types. However, in vitro exposure to Adriamycin (0.1-50.0 micrograms/ml) resulted in no detectable DNA cleavage in lymphocytes from patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or in either B- or T-lymphocytes from normal donors. In contrast, DNA cleavage(More)
The intracellular level of DNA topoisomerase II appears to be reversibly regulated by serum concentration in cultured primary human skin fibroblasts (HSF). Upon serum starvation, the intracellular level of topoisomerase II in HSF, as monitored by immunoblotting with antitopoisomerase II antibodies, gradually decreased to a nondetectable level (less than(More)
Chlorambucil (CLB) is an alkylating agent commonly used in the treatment of several neoplastic disorders. The mechanisms underlying resistance to this drug are not fully defined. We used the DNA alkaline elution technique to study cross-link formation in the wild type (K1) and a CLB-resistant (ChlR) Chinese hamster ovary cell line. [14C]CLB was used to(More)
Treatment of SV40-infected monkey cells with amonafide (benzisoquinolinedione), an intercalative antitumor drug, resulted in rapid accumulation of linearized intracellular SV40 DNA molecules that were protein linked. Studies using purified mammalian DNA topoisomerase II have shown that amonafide and its structural analogs interfere with the(More)