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A transcription factor, Cbfa1, which belongs to the runt-domain gene family, is expressed restrictively in fetal development. To elucidate the function of Cbfa1, we generated mice with a mutated Cbfa1 locus. Mice with a homozygous mutation in Cbfa1 died just after birth without breathing. Examination of their skeletal systems showed a complete lack of(More)
The folding of alpha- and beta-tubulin requires three proteins: the heteromeric TCP-1-containing cytoplasmic chaperonin and two additional protein cofactors (A and B). We show that these cofactors participate in the folding process and do not merely trigger release, since in the presence of Mg-ATP alone, alpha- and beta-tubulin target proteins are(More)
We have isolated a cytoplasmic chaperonin based on its ability to catalyze the folding of denatured beta-actin. The cytoplasmic chaperonin is organized as a multisubunit toroid and requires Mg2+ and ATP for activity. The folding reaction proceeds via the rapid ATP-independent formation of a binary complex, followed by a slower ATP-dependent release of the(More)
We examined the expression and the regulation of p21(waf1) and p27(kip1) cdk inhibitors in P19 mouse embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells following treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) to induce neuronal differentiation. The levels of p27 mRNA and protein increased within 24 h of treatment with ATRA, reaching a plateau 4-5 days later prior to neurite(More)
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