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The release of endogenous oxytocin and vasopressin by rat paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei in vitro during a 10-min period, 30 min after beginning the incubation, was measured radioimmunologically. Mean basal hormone release per 10 min and per pair of nuclei was: 128.4 +/- 12.4 (S.E.M.) pg vasopressin (n = 15) and 39.0 +/- 3.0 pg oxytocin (n = 66) for(More)
To investigate the hypothesis that oxytocin may be released within the magnocellular nuclei in vivo, push-pull cannula perfusions were performed in anaesthetized lactating rats in one supraoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus while recording the intramammary pressure and/or the electrical activity of oxytocin cells in the contralateral supraoptic nucleus.(More)
Plasma concentrations of oxytocin and vasopressin were measured in relationship to oxytocin cell firing during suckling in urethane-anaesthetized rats. Preliminary experiments showed that plasma concentrations of oxytocin and vasopressin, which were increased immediately after anaesthesia, reverted to basal concentrations 3 h later. Moreover, it was found(More)
Abstract Several regions of the forebrain possess high densities of oxytocin (OT)-binding sites including the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BST) and lateral septum (LS). In order to examine whether these regions participate in the central facilitation of the milk ejection reflex by OT, microinjections of OT (1 ng in 100 nl containing Janus Green dye)(More)
In suckled rats, OT necessary for the occurrence of the neurosecretory bursts on OT cells, is probably released inside the magnocellular nuclei. In order to demonstrate this in vivo release and to precise the mechanism involved, perifusions were realized in vivo on lactating rats and in vitro with isolated magnocellular nuclei. In vivo, the push-pull(More)