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Variations in the water and soil background in the signal path can cause variations in canopy spectral reflectance, which leads to uncertainty in estimating the canopy nitrogen (N) status. The primary objective of this study was to explore the optimum vegetation indices that were highly correlated with canopy leaf N concentration (LNC) but less influenced(More)
We report on the interfacial magnetic coupling in manganite bilayers of collinear ferromagnetic La 0.7 Sr 0.3 MnO 3 and noncollinear multiferroic TbMnO 3. Exchange bias is observed at the Néel temperature of TbMnO 3 (,41 K) due to the onset of long-range antiferromagnetic ordering in the Mn spin sublattice. Interestingly, an anomalous plateau of exchange(More)
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