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Depth profiled positronium annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) is an extremely useful probe of the pore characteristics of nanoporous thin films in general and low-dielectric constant ðkÞ thin films in particular. PALS is sensitive to all pores (both closed and open) in the size range from 0.3 to B300 nm and to the closed-to-open pore transition.(More)
Current therapy for pancreatic cancer is multimodal, involving surgery and chemotherapy. However, development of pancreatic cancer therapies requires a thorough evaluation of drug efficacy in vitro before animal testing and subsequent clinical trials. Compared to two-dimensional culture of cell monolayer, three-dimensional (3-D) models more closely mimic(More)
Dendrobium officinale is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb that produces promising bioactive polysaccharides. However, the biosynthetic pathway of polysaccharides in this herb remains to be elucidated. The uridine diphosphate glucose pyrophosphorylase (UGPase) is a key enzyme for the production of uridine diphosphate glucose, which is a major glycosyl(More)
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