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Tenascin-C (TN-C) is an extracellular matrix protein that is overexpressed during tissue remodeling processes, including tumor growth. To identify an aptamer for testing as a tumor-selective ligand, SELEX (systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment) procedures were performed using both TN-C and TN-C-expressing U251 glioblastoma cells. The(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether risk for major depression during the menopausal transition or immediately thereafter is increased relative to pre-menopause. We aimed to examine whether the odds of experiencing major depression were greater when women were peri- or post-menopausal compared to when they were pre-menopausal, independent of a history of major(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the association between incident Alzheimer disease (AD), and plasma A beta 1-40 and A beta 1-42 levels in normal and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subjects in a subgroup of participants of the Cardiovascular Health Study Cognition Study. METHODS We determined the plasma A beta 1-40 and A beta 1-42 levels of 274 nondemented subjects(More)
Reiterative in vitro selection-amplification from random oligonucleotide libraries allows the identification of molecules with specific functions such as binding to specific proteins. The therapeutic usefulness of such molecules depends on their high affinity and nuclease resistance. Libraries of RNA molecules containing 2'amino-(2'NH2)- or(More)
Selectins participate in the initial events leading to leukocyte extravasation from the blood into tissues. Thus the selectins have generated much interest as targets for antiinflammatory agents. Therapeutic molecules based on the monomeric carbohydrate ligand sialyl Lewis X (SLe(X)) have low affinities and are not specific for a given selectin. Using SELEX(More)
Lyme disease was reproduced in specific pathogen-free beagle dogs by exposure to Borrelia burgdorferi-infected ticks (Ixodes dammini). Seroconversion and disease frequency were higher after exposure to infected adult ticks than to infected nymphs. Young pups developed clinical disease more readily than older dogs. The incubation period lasted 2-5 months.(More)
Therapeutic and diagnostic applications have been envisioned for aptamers, a class of oligonucleotide ligands that bind their target molecules with high affinity and specificity (Gold, J. Biol. Chem. 270, 13581-13584, 1995). To identify parameters that are important for the in vivo activity of aptamers acting on intravascular targets, we have studied(More)
The three different pore-forming RTX-toxins of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae are reviewed, and new and uniform designations for these toxins and their genes are proposed. The designation ApxI (for Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae RTX-toxin I) is proposed for the RTX-toxin produced by the reference strains for serotypes 1, 5a, 5b, 9, 10 and 11, which was(More)
The selectins are calcium-dependent C-type lectins that recognize complex anionic carbohydrate ligands, initiating many cell-cell interactions in the vascular system. Selectin blockade shows therapeutic promise in a variety of inflammatory and postischemic pathologies. However, the available oligosaccharide ligand mimetics have low affinities and show(More)