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Dysfunction of the microRNA (miR) network has been emerging as a major regulator in neurological diseases. However, little is known about the functional significance of unique miRs in ischemic brain damage. Here, we found that miR-497 is induced in mouse brain after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and mouse N2A neuroblastoma (N2A) cells(More)
Cerebral vascular endothelial cell (CEC) degeneration significantly contributes to blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown and neuronal loss after cerebral ischemia. Recently, emerging data suggest that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARdelta) activation has a potential neuroprotective role in ischemic stroke. Here we report for the first(More)
Nitroalkene derivatives of linoleic acid (nitrolinoleic acid, LNO2) are formed via nitric oxide-dependent oxidative inflammatory reactions and are found at concentrations of approximately 500 nM in the blood of healthy individuals. We report that LNO2 is a potent endogenous ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma; Ki(More)
The role of microRNA-1 (miR-1) has been studied in cardiac and skeletal muscle differentiation. However, it remains unexplored in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) differentiation. The aim of this study was to uncover novel targets of and shed light on the function of miR-1 in the context of embryonic stem cell (ESC) differentiation of SMCs in vitro.(More)
Mass spectrometric analysis of human plasma and urine revealed abundant nitrated derivatives of all principal unsaturated fatty acids. Nitrated palmitoleic, oleic, linoleic, linolenic, arachidonic and eicosapentaenoic acids were detected in concert with their nitrohydroxy derivatives. Two nitroalkene derivatives of the most prevalent fatty acid, oleic acid,(More)
Endothelial cell (EC) proliferation and migration are important for reendothelialization and angiogenesis. We have demonstrated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from the small GTPase Rac1-dependent NAD(P)H oxidase are involved in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated endothelial responses mainly through the VEGF type2 receptor(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the cellular organelle responsible for protein folding and assembly, lipid and sterol biosynthesis, and calcium storage. The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an adaptive intracellular stress response to accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the ER. In this study, we show that the most conserved UPR sensor(More)
Zinc-finger nuclease, transcription activator-like effector nuclease and CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)/Cas9 (CRISPR-associated protein 9) are becoming major tools for genome editing. Importantly, knock-in in several non-rodent species has been finally achieved thanks to these customizable nucleases; yet the rates remain(More)
BACKGROUND Thiazolidinediones have been reported to protect against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Their protective actions are considered to be peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma)-dependent; however, it is unclear how PPAR-gamma activation confers resistance to ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS AND RESULTS We evaluated the(More)
RATIONALE Nitro-oleic acid (OA-NO(2)) is a bioactive, nitric-oxide derived fatty acid with physiologically relevant vasculoprotective properties in vivo. OA-NO(2) exerts cell signaling actions as a result of its strong electrophilic nature and mediates pleiotropic cell responses in the vasculature. OBJECTIVE The present study sought to investigate the(More)