Y. Eugene Chen

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The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the cellular organelle responsible for protein folding and assembly, lipid and sterol biosynthesis, and calcium storage. The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an adaptive intracellular stress response to accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the ER. In this study, we show that the most conserved UPR sensor(More)
The role of microRNA-1 (miR-1) has been studied in cardiac and skeletal muscle differentiation. However, it remains unexplored in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) differentiation. The aim of this study was to uncover novel targets of and shed light on the function of miR-1 in the context of embryonic stem cell (ESC) differentiation of SMCs in vitro.(More)
Dysfunction of the microRNA (miR) network has been emerging as a major regulator in neurological diseases. However, little is known about the functional significance of unique miRs in ischemic brain damage. Here, we found that miR-497 is induced in mouse brain after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and mouse N2A neuroblastoma (N2A) cells(More)
Mass spectrometric analysis of human plasma and urine revealed abundant nitrated derivatives of all principal unsaturated fatty acids. Nitrated palmitoleic, oleic, linoleic, linolenic, arachidonic and eicosapentaenoic acids were detected in concert with their nitrohydroxy derivatives. Two nitroalkene derivatives of the most prevalent fatty acid, oleic acid,(More)
Cerebral vascular endothelial cell (CEC) degeneration significantly contributes to blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown and neuronal loss after cerebral ischemia. Recently, emerging data suggest that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARdelta) activation has a potential neuroprotective role in ischemic stroke. Here we report for the first(More)
Endothelial cell (EC) proliferation and migration are important for reendothelialization and angiogenesis. We have demonstrated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from the small GTPase Rac1-dependent NAD(P)H oxidase are involved in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated endothelial responses mainly through the VEGF type2 receptor(More)
Fatty acid oxidation (FAO) is a primary energy source for meeting the heart's energy requirements. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta (PPAR-delta) may have important roles in FAO. But it remains unclear whether PPAR-delta is required for maintaining basal myocardial FAO. We show that cre-loxP-mediated cardiomyocyte-restricted deletion of(More)
BACKGROUND Thiazolidinediones have been reported to protect against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Their protective actions are considered to be peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma)-dependent; however, it is unclear how PPAR-gamma activation confers resistance to ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS AND RESULTS We evaluated the(More)
The effects and potential mechanisms of the vascular endothelial cell (EC)-enriched microRNA-15a (miR-15a) on angiogenesis remain unclear. Here, we show a novel finding that EC-selective miR-15a transgenic overexpression leads to reduced blood vessel formation and local blood flow perfusion in mouse hindlimbs at 1-3 weeks after hindlimb ischemia.(More)
BACKGROUND Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) surrounds most vessels and shares common features with brown adipose tissue (BAT). Although adaptive thermogenesis in BAT increases energy expenditure and is beneficial for metabolic diseases, little is known about the role of PVAT in vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. We hypothesize that the thermogenic(More)