Y. Endo

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Determining the gene that plays a key role in brain-gut interactions is a crucial step for clarifying the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We previously reported that the 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) is related to anxiety in subjects with IBS. The amygdala is more activated(More)
The relationship between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and lymph node metastasis was studied in 90 cases of primary lung cancer without distant metastasis. As a result of quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis, the VEGF121 mRNA expression levels in lung cancer tissues with nodal metastasis (n = 35) were(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrence of glioma frequently occurs within the marginal area of the surgical cavity due to invading residual cells. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence-guided resection has been used as effective therapeutic modalities to improve discrimination of brain tumour margins and patient prognosis. However, the marginal areas of glioma usually(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Infections are important causes of postoperative morbidity after gastric surgery; currently, no factors have been identified that can predict postoperative infection. Adiponectin (ADN) mediates energy metabolism and functions as an immunomodulator. Perioperative ADN levels and perioperative immune functioning could be mutually(More)
We assessed the inhibitory action of TNP-470 on lymph node metastasis in a metastatic model system using athymic nude mice. Mice were injected subcutaneously with 5 x 10(6) HT-1080 cells in the right groin. TNP-470 (10, 30 and 100 mg kg-1) was injected subcutaneously nine times in total every other day from the 7th day after tumour inoculation. Axillar and(More)
Clinically useful predictors of the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy following curative colorectal surgery remain to be determined. In the present study, we investigated the clinical utility of the collagen gel droplet-embedded culture drug sensitivity test (CD-DST) as a predictor of the therapeutic response to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based adjuvant(More)
The expression of the c-erbB-2 mRNA in human embryonic lung fibroblasts, a gastric cancer cell line, mature placenta, and 25 gastric cancer tissues was examined by using the polymerase chain reaction following reverse transcription. This technique can be used to examine c-erbB-2 mRNA expression in a small endoscopic biopsy specimen before surgery.
Panitumumab (Pmab) is generally considered to be ineffective after the failure of cetuximab (Cmab) therapy in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. However, a few studies have demonstrated that Pmab is an effective treatment for disease progression following Cmab-based regimens in the USA. In the present study, we evaluated the safety and efficacy(More)
PURPOSE We retrospectively evaluated the in vitro chemosensitivity of primary site and metastatic site tumors in colorectal cancer. METHODS Various resected tumor samples (33 from lymph nodes, 42 from liver, six from lung, and 68 primary tumors) were assessed via a collagen gel droplet-embedded culture drug sensitivity test to determine chemosensitivity(More)