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One explanation for the widespread abundance of sexual reproduction is the advantage that genetically diverse sexual lineages have under strong pressure from virulent coevolving parasites. Such parasites are believed to track common asexual host genotypes, resulting in negative frequency-dependent selection that counterbalances the population growth-rate(More)
Trematodes are significant pathogens of high medical, veterinary, and environmental importance. They are hard to isolate from their intermediate hosts, and their early life stages are difficult to identify morphologically. Therefore, primers were developed for trematodes to create a species barcoding system and allow selective PCR amplification in mixed(More)
The superconducting transition temperature T{c} of the SrTiO{3}/LaAlO{3} interface was varied by the electric field effect. The anisotropy of the upper critical field and the normal-state magnetotransport were studied as a function of gate voltage. The spin-orbit coupling energy epsilon{SO} is extracted. This tunable energy scale is used to explain the(More)
Quantum magnetic oscillations in SrTiO3/LaAlO3 interface are observed in the magnetoresistance. We study their frequency as a function of gate voltage and the evolution of their amplitude with temperature. The data are consistent with the Shubnikov-de Haas theory. The Hall resistivity ρ(xy) is nonlinear at low magnetic fields. ρ(xy) is fitted assuming(More)
We report the observation of weak magnetism in superlattices of LaAlO(3)/SrTiO(3) using β-detected nuclear magnetic resonance. The spin lattice relaxation rate of ^{8}Li in superlattices with a spacer layers of 8 and 6 unit cells of LaAlO(3) exhibits a strong peak near ~35 K, whereas no such peak is observed in a superlattice with spacer layer thickness of(More)
We measure the anisotropic midinfrared response of electrons and phonons in bulk YBa(2)Cu(3)O(7-δ) after femtosecond photoexcitation. A line shape analysis of specific lattice modes reveals their transient occupation and coupling to the superconducting condensate. The apex oxygen vibration is strongly excited within 150 fs, demonstrating that the lattice(More)
We report a tunneling study between Pr(2-x)Ce(x)CuO(4-delta) and lead as a function of doping, temperature, and magnetic field. The temperature dependence of the gap follows the BCS prediction. Our data fit a nonmonotonic d-wave order parameter for the whole doping range studied. From our data we are able to conclude that the electron-doped cuprate(More)
The doping and temperature dependences of the Hall coefficient, R(H), and ab-plane resistivity in the normal state down to 350 mK is reported for oriented films of the electron-doped high-T(c) superconductor Pr(2-x)Ce(x)CuO(4-delta). The doping dependences of beta (rho=rho(0)+ATbeta) and R(H) (at 350 mK) suggest a quantum phase transition at a critical(More)
We grow a tiled structure of insulating two-dimensional LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces composed of alternating one and three LaAlO3 unit cells. The boundary between two tiles is conducting. At low temperatures this conductance exhibits quantized steps as a function of gate voltage indicative of a one-dimensional channel. The step size of half the quantum of(More)
The temperature dependence of the tunneling conductance was measured for various doping levels of Pr(2-x)CexCuO4 using planar junctions. A normal state gap is seen at all doping levels studied, x=0.11 to x=0.19. We find it to vanish above a certain temperature T*. T* is greater than T(c) for the underdoped region and it follows T(c) on the overdoped side.(More)