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Embryos were recovered from diabetic rats on day 5 of pregnancy and incubated in vitro for up to 72 h. Compared to control embryos, blastocysts from diabetic rats showed a marked impairment in growth that resulted at 48 h in a higher rate of degeneration and a lower morphological score in the developing population. After 72 h in vitro, fewer developing(More)
Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) synthesis has recently been described in the uterus during the preimplantation phase of pregnancy. The present study was undertaken to determine whether preimplantation embryos are a potential target for TNF-alpha in rats. First, the expression of TNF-alpha receptors by blastocysts was demonstrated by ligand binding(More)
Mouse blastocysts were exposed for 24 h to various concentrations of recombinant mouse tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and observed for their capacity to implant in vitro on a fibronectin-coated substrate or to develop in vivo after their transfer into surrogate females. Compared with findings in control blastocysts, exposure to TNFalpha resulted in(More)
The presence of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) receptors was demonstrated at the cell surface of mouse blastocysts by indirect immunofluorescence. Amplification of total cDNA from these embryos indicated that only the p60 form of the TNF alpha receptor was expressed. Amplification of the p80 form remained negative. Blastocysts were cultured with(More)
Previous studies have shown the adverse impact of the cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) on the development of the inner cell mass in mouse blastocysts. In the present study, two embryonic stem (ES) cell lines were used to further investigate the action of TNFalpha. The expression of TNFalpha receptors in ES cells was tested by reverse(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) bioactivity was assessed in culture media conditioned with uterine cells collected from control or diabetic rats on days 5 and 8 of pregnancy. On both days, diabetic uterine cells released significantly more biologically active TNF than did control cells, and this activity was significantly decreased by the addition of(More)
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