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We have characterised the induction of the mitogen-inducible form of cyclooxygenase, COX-2, in the rat cerebral cortex in response to excitotoxin injection into the nucleus basalis. This model is associated with intense stimulation of the ascending pathway to the cerebral cortex, seizure activity, and subsequent ipsilateral cortical induction of various(More)
We have characterized the induction of the mitogen-inducible form of cyclo-oxygenase, COX-2, during focal cerebral ischemia following permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in the rat. Marked unilateral induction of COX-2 mRNA was detected in ischemic regions ipsilateral to the occlusion. A significant increase in COX-2 mRNA was detected in(More)
Overexpression of the gene encoding the 70-kDa heat shock protein (hsp70) has previously been shown to protect neuronal cells against subsequent thermal or ischemic stress. It has no protective effect, however, against stimuli that induce apoptosis, although a mild heat shock (sufficient to induce hsp synthesis) does have a protective effect against(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is strong evidence to implicate glutamate in the cerebral damage caused by ischemia. In this study we investigated the role of glutamate receptors in mediating effects of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) on immediate early gene expression in the rat by quantitation of mRNA levels. METHODS The effect of MCAO on the(More)
The induction of focal cerebral ischaemia in rats by middle cerebral artery occlusion has previously been shown to increase, over time, the mRNA levels of the heat shock proteins (HSPs) 27 and 70. However, the levels of HSP90 mRNA remain constant. In contrast, during global ischaemia, HSP70 and HSP90 mRNA levels are both raised, particularly in the CA1(More)
The heat shock proteins (HSPs) are induced by stressful stimuli and have a protective effect. Different HSPs protect with different efficiencies against different stresses indicating that optimal protection would be obtained with a non-stressful agent which induced a range of HSPs. We have prepared a herpesvirus vector expressing a constitutively active(More)
A number of conditions associated with persistent excitation such as electrically and chemically-induced seizures cause a rapid increase in the expression of immediate early genes (IEG) such as c-fos. In this study the time-course of induction of c-jun, jun-B and zif 268 mRNA by kainate was characterized in rat cerebral cortex and compared to that of c-fos(More)
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