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The reaction of the renin-angiotensin system to acute angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition was investigated in a single-blind, crossover study in nine normal volunteers receiving two out of three regimens in random order: the new converting enzyme inhibitor benazepril (20 mg once or 5 mg four times at 6-hour intervals) or enalapril (20 mg). Plasma(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between plasma concentrations of losartan, an orally active angiotensin II inhibitor, its active metabolite EXP3174, and angiotensin II blockade. Six healthy subjects received single oral doses of 40, 80, or 120 mg losartan and placebo at 1-week intervals in a crossover study. Angiotensin II(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of surgical pneumoperitoneum on lower-limb venous hemodynamics have already been studied; however, the effects of intermittent compression boots are not known in such venous-stasis conditions. METHODS In 12 volunteers and 12 patients, the venous hemodynamic effects of intermittent leg compression were studied under external(More)
Pneumatic intermittent compression is an effective method to prevent postoperative venous thromboembolism. Its efficacy has been ascribed to both a haemodynamic action (increase of blood flow velocity) and a stimulation of endogenous fibrinolytic activity [via the production of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) by the vascular endothelium]. The(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to assess the inhibitory effect of DuP 753, an orally active angiotensin II receptor antagonist, on the pressor action of exogenous angiotensin I and II in healthy male volunteers. METHODS AND RESULTS In the first study (single-dose study), eight volunteers were included in a 2-day protocol repeated four(More)
This series of studies was designed to assess in normal volunteers the relationships between various doses (5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 120 mg) of the orally active angiotensin II antagonist losartan (DuP 753, MK-954) and their inhibitory effect on the pressure response to a given bolus of angiotensin I or II. It was found that the maximal inhibitory effect was(More)
We assessed the inhibitory effect of DuP 753, an orally active angiotensin II receptor antagonist, on the pressor action of exogenous angiotensin I and II in healthy volunteers. In a single dose study, doses of 2.5, 5, 10, 20, and 40 mg of DuP 753 or placebo were tested serially at one week intervals. In the multiple dose study, the administration of(More)
The study of vasoactive agents in man often requires accurate measurement of short-lasting changes in blood pressure. Using a noninvasive photoplethysmographic device (Finapres), the authors investigated in normotensive subjects whether rapid increases in blood pressure can be assessed precisely by monitoring finger blood pressure continuously. Six(More)
We report a case with segmental arterial calcification and atheromatosis of the superficial femoral artery in a patient with venous angiodysplasia (Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome). Pathogenesis remained unclear. A short hemodynamically significant stenosis within the calcified segment was treated by angioplasty requiring high balloon pressure and was(More)