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Intracellular pH (pHi) recovery in primary cultures of mouse astrocytes after acid-loading was studied with the ion transport inhibitors (amiloride, SITS, acetazolamide, ouabain and bumetanide), and by reducing the concentration of Na+ or Cl- in HCO3- -free HEPES-buffered (HEPES) and in HCO3-/CO2 Hanks' balanced salt solution (HBSS). The pHi of astrocytes(More)
The resting membrane potential of the cultured fibroblasts derived from rabbit subcutaneous tissues was −10.2±0.20 mV (n=390). This potential was affected by the potassium concentration in the culture medium, but not by other chemical or hormonal preparations, such as dibutyryladenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (0.5 to 5.0 mmol/l), sodium fluoride (10−5(More)
[14C]Dimethyloxazolidine-2,4-dione was used to determine the pH and bicarbonate concentration ([HCO3-]) in follicular cells and luminal fluid (LF) of turtle thyroids. Values of cellular and luminal pH and [HCO3-] were derived from the steady-state [14C]dimethyloxazolidine-2,4-dione values in whole gland and in the follicular LF sampled by micropipettes(More)
Potassium is tightly regulated within the extracellular compartment of the brain. Nonetheless, it can increase 3- to 4-fold during periods of intense seizure activity and 10- to 20-fold under certain pathological conditions such as spreading depression. Within the central nervous system, neurons and astrocytes are both affected by shifts in the(More)
Inastrocytes, as [K+]o was increased from 1.2 to 10 mM, [K+]i and [Cl−]i were increased, whereas [Na+]i was decreased. As [K+]o was increased from 10 to 60 mM, intracellular concentration of these three ions showed no significant change. When [K+]o was increased from 60 to 122 mM, an increase in [K+]i and [Cl−]i and a decrease in [Na+]i were(More)
Water and electrolyte contents, cell pH, membrane potential and 125I- uptake were determined in cultured follicular cells of turtle thyroid. The Na+, K+ and Cl- concentrations in the cultured thyroid cells were 59.2, 119.0 and 50.9 mmol/l cell water respectively. Treatment with TSH (10 mu./ml for 24 h) increased the K+ and Cl- and decreased the Na+(More)
The intrinsic processes involved in the initiation and arrest of seizures are not completely understood. Cortical and cerebellar inhibitory mechanisms, accumulation of metabolic products, and glial uptake of extracellular potassium (K+o), anions, and released neurotransmitters are all important processes that limit focal firing and terminate a seizure once(More)
The activity of enzymes involved in anion and cation transport, the concentration of intracellular potassium (K+i), and the transmembrane potential (Em) were determined following acute and chronic exposure of primary astroglial cultures to micromolar concentrations of phenytoin (PHT). Na+, K+-ATPase activity of homogenates of cultured glial cells was(More)
Iodide uptake by primary cultures of turtle thyroid follicular cells is directly proportional to the Na+ concentration and is inversely proportional to the HCO3- concentration in culture medium, but is not affected by the Cl- concentration. Addition of 4,4'-di-isothiocyano-2,2'-stilbene disulphonate (DIDS; 10 mumol/l and higher doses) to medium containing(More)
Iodide uptake by primary cultures of turtle thyroid cells decreased linearly with reduction of Na+ concentration in the medium, but changes in medium Cl- concentration did not affect iodide uptake. Ouabain, furosemide, monensin, and perchlorate all decreased 125I-uptake by cultured thyroid cells, whereas amiloride and triamterene did not. Ouabain, monensin,(More)