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In astrocytes, as [K+]o was increased from 1.2 to 10 mM, [K+]i and [Cl-]i were increased, whereas [Na+]i was decreased. As [K+]o was increased from 10 to 60 mM, intracellular concentration of these three ions showed no significant change. When [K+]o was increased from 60 to 122 mM, an increase in [K+]i and [Cl-]i and a decrease in [Na+]i were observed. In(More)
Potassium is tightly regulated within the extracellular compartment of the brain. Nonetheless, it can increase 3- to 4-fold during periods of intense seizure activity and 10- to 20-fold under certain pathological conditions such as spreading depression. Within the central nervous system, neurons and astrocytes are both affected by shifts in the(More)
Intracellular pH (pHi) recovery in primary cultures of mouse astrocytes after acid-loading was studied with the ion transport inhibitors (amiloride, SITS, acetazolamide, ouabain and bumetanide), and by reducing the concentration of Na+ or Cl- in HCO3- -free HEPES-buffered (HEPES) and in HCO3-/CO2 Hanks' balanced salt solution (HBSS). The pHi of astrocytes(More)
The intrinsic processes involved in the initiation and arrest of seizures are not completely understood. Cortical and cerebellar inhibitory mechanisms, accumulation of metabolic products, and glial uptake of extracellular potassium (K+o), anions, and released neurotransmitters are all important processes that limit focal firing and terminate a seizure once(More)
Primary cultures of both mouse astrocytes and neurons accumulate more 125I- than 36Cl- from the medium. The average cell/medium ratio of 125I- of astrocytes (1.01) is greater than that of neurons (0.74), whereas the ratio of 36Cl- of neurons (0.47) is greater than that of astrocytes (0.25). The equilibrium potentials of both 125I- and 36Cl- calculated from(More)
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