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BACKGROUND Previous surveys on depression in China focused on prevalence estimates without providing a detailed epidemiological profile. METHOD Face-to-face household interviews were conducted with a multi-stage household probability sample of 2633 adults (age > or = 18 years) in Beijing and 2568 in Shanghai between November 2001 and February 2002. The(More)
Adrenomedullin (ADM), a 52-amino acid peptide, elicits differential cardiovascular responses when it is administered systemically or directly to the brain. We evaluated in the present study the hypothesis that ADM may modulate baroreceptor reflex (BRR) response through an ADM receptor-mediated cAMP/ protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent mechanism in the nucleus(More)
BACKGROUND Sorafenib is the only drug approved for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The bioenergetic propensity of cancer cells has been correlated to anticancer drug resistance, but such correlation is unclear in sorafenib resistance of HCC. METHODS Six sorafenib-naive HCC cell lines and one sorafenib-resistant HCC cell line (Huh-7R;(More)
Schizophrenia is a common mental disorder with a complex pattern of inheritance. Despite a large number of studies in the past decades, its molecular etiology remains unknown. In this study, we proposed a 'system-thinking' strategy in seeking the combined effect of susceptibility genes for a complex disorder by using paranoid schizophrenia as an example. We(More)
BACKGROUND Patients enrolled in clinical trials of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are usually required to have good liver reserve and organ function. However, their outcomes are still highly variable. We aimed to examine whether current staging systems can predict the survival of these highly selected patients. METHODS Patients from clinical(More)
Both gemcitabine and weekly 24-h infusion of high-dose 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin (HDFL) have shown promising antitumour activity for patients with locally advanced or metastatic carcinoma of the biliary tract (CBT). From April 1999 through December 2002, 30 patients with inoperable CBT were treated with gemcitabine 800 mg m(-2), intravenous infusion for 30(More)
BACKGROUND Limited literature on the role of intraarterial chemotherapy as first-line therapy for penile squamous cell carcinoma is available. METHODS From 2005 to 2013, a total of 12 patients with various stages of penile squamous cell carcinoma received intraarterial chemotherapy. The chemotherapeutic agents used were methotrexate, mitomycin C,(More)
Although the PPARgamma agonist troglitazone has been shown to induce growth inhibition of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells at high concentration, this study indicates troglitazone does not significantly inhibit the growth of HCC cells at clinically achievable concentrations (1-10 microM), and this lack of activity could not be improved by the addition(More)
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