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Capsaicin, the pungent ingredient in hot pepper, activates and subsequently desensitizes a subset of polymodal nociceptors. Because its initial application to skin produces pain, nonpungent analogs such as olvanil and glyceryl nonivamide (GLNVA) were synthesized to enhance its clinical use. To explore how these nonpungent analogs differ from capsaicin,(More)
Nonanoyl vanillylamide-4-o-glycerol (glyceryl nonivamide, GLNVA) a nonpungent ether-linked derivative of nonanoyl vanillylamide (nonivamide, NVA) was compared to capsaicin (CAP) and NVA with regard to its depressor response in rats. IV injection of CAP and NVA (10(-1) to 10(-4) mg/kg) in Wistar rats elicit a triphasic blood pressure response, bradycardia,(More)
The application of capsaicin (1 microM) produced a minor relaxant effect in endothelium-denuded rat aortae. However, capsaicin caused a greater relaxation of blood vessels precontracted with high K+ or phenylephrine. The effects of capsaicin on the ionic currents were also examined in A7r5 vascular smooth muscle cells. The tight-seal whole-cell voltage(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains a major complication in patients suffering from SAH. In our previous study, we reported that stimulating vascular K(+) channel activity prevented the development of cerebral vasospasm. Recent evidence indicates that glyceryl nonivamide (GLNVA), a capsaicin derivative, has a(More)
Surveillance of avian influenza A(H7N9) virus infection in humans and detection of the first imported human On 3 April 2013, suspected and confirmed cases of influenza A(H7N9) virus infection became notifiable in the primary care sector in Taiwan, and detection of the virus became part of the surveillance of severe community-acquired pneumonia. On 24 April,(More)
The effects of tetrandrine, a blocker of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels, on ionic currents were investigated in an endothelial cell line (HUV-EC-C) originally derived from human umbilical vein. In whole-cell configuration, tetrandrine (0.5-50 microM) reversibly decreased the amplitude of K(+) outward currents. The IC(50) value of tetrandrine-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Defining reference intervals is a major challenge because of the difficulty in recruiting volunteers to participate and testing samples from a significant number of healthy reference individuals. Historical literature citation intervals are often suboptimal because they're be based on obsolete methods and/or only a small number of poorly defined(More)
On 3 April 2013, suspected and confirmed cases of influenza A(H7N9) virus infection became notifiable in the primary care sector in Taiwan, and detection of the virus became part of the surveillance of severe community-acquired pneumonia. On 24 April, the first imported case, reported through both surveillance systems, was confirmed in a man returning from(More)
The effects of glyceryl nonivamide (GLNVA) on ionic currents were compared and examined in rat pituitary GH3 cells. Hyperpolarization-activated K+ currents in GH3 cells bathed in high-K+ Ca2+-free external solution were studied to assess effects of GLNVA on the an inwardly rectifying K+ current (I(K(IR))). GLNVA is very potent in blocking I(K(IR)) in a(More)
1. Intravenous infusion of capsazocaine (CAPBZ), a molecular fusion product of irritant synthetic capsaicin and local analgesic benzocaine, at 100 micrograms/kg/min for 15 min inhibited capsaicin (10 micrograms/kg, IV)-induced spinal release of substance P-like immunoreactivity and vagus reflex responses in blood pressure and heart rate changes in rats. 2.(More)