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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Anxiety is potentially a pre-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Our aim was to investigate the association between anxiety and subsequent PD risk in a population-based sample. METHODS A total of 174 776 participants, who were free of prior PD, dementia and stroke, were enrolled from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that activation of spinal cord astrocytes contributes importantly to nerve injury and inflammation-induced persistent pain and chronic opioid-induced antinociceptive tolerance. Phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (pERK) and induction of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) in spinal astrocytes have been implicated(More)
This study investigated the in vitro susceptibilities of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) to nine antimicrobial agents in Taiwan. A total of 1,725 isolates were obtained from 20 hospitals throughout Taiwan from 2006 to 2010. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the nine agents were determined by the agar dilution method. The(More)
This study was conducted to develop the Chinese Mandarin State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Y form and to evaluate its psychometric properties among Taiwanese outpatients with anxiety disorders. A three-phase survey questionnaire was used to gather cross-sectional data. Non-hospitalized adults (n= 306) with anxiety disorders were recruited from mental health(More)
Although neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) is commonly considered neurocutaneous, severe arterial and venous abnormalities have been noted. Our patient, a 28-year-old woman, had bilateral giant extracranial aneurysms of the internal carotid arteries as well as skull base meningoceles involving the jugular foramina and aberrant jugular veins. CT and MR(More)
Lowering irradiance can delay the flower stalk, i.e., spike development, in order to schedule flowering time of Phalaenopsis; however, the effect on photosynthetic performance and spiking inhibition remains poorly understood. We compared light and shade treatments of Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana in order to determine how limiting light affects(More)
Ground state cooling of massive mechanical objects remains a difficult task restricted by the unresolved mechanical sidebands. We propose an optomechanically-induced-transparency cooling scheme to achieve ground state cooling of mechanical motion without the resolved sideband condition in a pure optomechanical system with two mechanical modes coupled to the(More)
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