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A 44-year-old male smoker presented with productive cough, sore throat and dyspnea for 2 weeks. He had no fever but had lost about 8 kg in body weight in the recent 2 months. He was referred to a tertiary hospital where a physical examination revealed face, neck and right arm swelling. A chest plain film showed right upper lung consolidation and upper(More)
Concanavalin A (ConA) is a lectin and T-cell mitogen that can activate immune responses. In recent times, ConA-induced cell death of hepatoma cells through autophagy has been reported and its therapeutic effect was confirmed in a murine in situ hepatoma model. However, the molecular mechanism of ConA-induced autophagy is still unclear. As macrophage(More)
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