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  • C J Lin, S H Kang, Y J Wang, K Lee, X Zhu, W C Chen +8 others
  • 2009
This paper reports a 45nm spin-transfer-torque (STT) MRAM embedded into a standard CMOS logic platform that employs low-power (LP) transistors and Cu/low-k BEOL. We believe that this is the first-ever demonstration of embedded STT MRAM that is fully compatible with the 45nm logic technology. To ensure the switching margin, a novel " reverse-connection "(More)
Flavone and isoflavone phytoestrogens are plant chemicals and are known to be competitive inhibitors of cytochrome P450 aromatase with respect to the androgen substrate. Aromatase is the enzyme that converts androgen to estrogen; therefore, these plant chemicals are thought to be capable of modifying the estrogen level in women. In this study, the(More)
We have evaluated the binding characteristics of three steroidal inhibitors [4-hydroxyandrostenedione (4-OHA), 7alpha-(4'-amino)phenylthio-1,4-androstadiene-3,17-dione (7alpha-APTADD), and bridge (2,19-methyleneoxy) androstene-3,17-dione (MDL 101,003)], four nonsteroidal inhibitors [aminoglutethimide (AG), CGS 20267, ICI D1033, and vorozole (R83842)], and(More)
  • R S Lee, J P Tsai, Y C Kao, Grier C I Lin, K C Fan
  • 2003
Production of high-quality products with lower cost and shorter time-to-market is an important challenge in the face of increased global competition, and reverse engineering plays an important role in accelerating product and process development. With the advent of new technologies such as network, multimedia and product data exchange standard STEP(More)
Aromatase has been shown to be expressed at a higher level in human breast cancer tissue than in normal breast tissue, by means of enzyme activity measurement, immunocytochemistry, and RT-PCR analysis. Cell culture including MCF-7 breast cancer cells, animal experiments using aromatase-transfected breast cancer cells, and transgenic mouse studies have(More)
Aromatase plays an important role in breast cancer development through its role in the synthesis of estrogen. Aromatase expression in breast tissue can be regulated by several mechanisms. The major promoter usage for aromatase expression in breast tumors (i.e. cAMP-stimulated promoters I.3 and II) is different from that in normal breast tissue (i.e.(More)
A truncate form of human aromatase cDNA that corresponds to the recently identified rat cortical type aromatase mRNA variant (Yamada-Mouri et al., J. Steroid Biochem. Molec. Biol., 60: 325-329, 1997) has been generated, and the amino-terminus deleted form of the enzyme has been expressed in CHO cells. The resulting product lacking 102 residues from the(More)
Determination of AlAs optical constants by variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry and a multisample analysis" (1995). Using variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry, optical constants for AlAs (1.4-5.0 eV) are presented which are simultaneously compatible with measured data from four different samples. The below-gap index values are compatible with(More)
This paper describes the development of a virtual CNC controller. Controller is the major driver for a CNC machine. Similarly, virtual controller is the key driving component for a virtual CNC, which is a three-dimensional digitized physical CNC. A virtual CNC can exist in every PC serving as the complementary safer counterpart in lecturing and learning the(More)
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