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BACKGROUND Neonatal pain and inflammation may lead to a long-term effect on nociceptive processing in adults. The current study examined the characteristics of postoperative incisional pain behaviors(More)
In adults, intraoperative administration of tramadol could result in earlier recovery and less sedation than morphine. In this controlled, randomized, double-blind study, we investigated whether an(More)
BACKGROUND In previous animal studies, preemptive treatments with N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists were ineffective at preventing incision-induced allodynia. It is very likely that the model(More)