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CmPP16 from Cucurbita maxima was cloned and the protein was shown to possess properties similar to those of viral movement proteins. CmPP16 messenger RNA (mRNA) is present in phloem tissue, whereas protein appears confined to sieve elements (SE). Microinjection and grafting studies revealed that CmPP16 moves from cell to cell, mediates the transport of(More)
Although prostate cancer is the most common non-cutaneous malignancy diagnosed in men in the United States, little is known about inherited factors that influence its genetic predisposition. Here we report that germline mutations in the gene encoding 2'-5'-oligoadenylate(2-5A)-dependent RNase L (RNASEL) segregate in prostate cancer families that show(More)
Wild-type Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells shifted from high concentrations (5%) of CO2 to low, ambient levels (0.03%) rapidly increase transcription of mRNAs from several CO2-responsive genes. Simultaneously, they develop a functional carbon concentrating mechanism that allows the cells to greatly increase internal levels of CO2 and HCO3-. The cia5 mutant(More)
A population-based case-control study was conducted in Shanghai, China, to investigate the association between dietary factors and risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The study included 935 NPC patients aged 15 to 74 years and 1,032 community controls. Exposures to salted fish and other protein-containing preserved food were associated with increased(More)
Dysregulated expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is associated with a variety of diseases, including colorectal cancer. By comparing more than 200 miRNAs in 13 pairs of matched colorectal cancer and normal adjacent tissue samples through qRT-PCR and microarray analysis, we found a widespread disruption of miRNA expression during colorectal tumorigenesis. In(More)
In angiosperms, the functional enucleate sieve tube system of the phloem appears to be maintained by the surrounding companion cells. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that polypeptides present within the phloem sap traffic cell to cell from the companion cells, where they are synthesized, into the sieve tube via plasmodesmata. Coinjection of(More)
A novel anti-hepatitis B virus (anti-HBV) agent, 2'-fluoro-5-methyl-beta-L-arabinofuranosyluracil (L-FMAU), was synthesized and found to be a potent anti-HBV and anti-Epstein-Barr virus agent. Its in vitro potency was evaluated in 2.2.15 and H1 cells for anti-HBV and anti-Epstein-Barr virus activities, respectively. In vitro cytotoxicity in MT2, CEM,(More)
Hepatic ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R), a major cause of liver damage associated with multiple trauma, haemorrhagic and septic shock, and liver transplantation, contributes significantly to multiple organ failure. Development of novel sensitive biomarkers that detect early stages of liver damage is vital for effective management and treatment of ischaemic(More)
We report on the molecular, biochemical, and functional characterization of Cucurbita maxima phloem serpin-1 (CmPS-1), a novel 42-kDa serine proteinase inhibitor that is developmentally regulated and has anti-elastase properties. CmPS-1 was purified to near homogeneity from C. maxima (pumpkin) phloem exudate and, based on microsequence analysis, the cDNA(More)
  • Y Li, D Yu, +5 authors M Xia
  • 1993
This study collected records of 245 cases of death due to advanced schistosomiasis japonica in the eastern Dongting Lake area between 1985 and 1990. The mean survival of the patients was 5.16 years. The patients with ascitic type had a shorter expected life while the life span of splenomegalic type patient markedly improved after splenectomy. The HBsAg(More)