Learn More
CmPP16 from Cucurbita maxima was cloned and the protein was shown to possess properties similar to those of viral movement proteins. CmPP16 messenger RNA (mRNA) is present in phloem tissue, whereas protein appears confined to sieve elements (SE). Microinjection and grafting studies revealed that CmPP16 moves from cell to cell, mediates the transport of(More)
In angiosperms, the functional enucleate sieve tube system of the phloem appears to be maintained by the surrounding companion cells. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that polypeptides present within the phloem sap traffic cell to cell from the companion cells, where they are synthesized, into the sieve tube via plasmodesmata. Coinjection of(More)
Dysregulated expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is associated with a variety of diseases, including colorectal cancer. By comparing more than 200 miRNAs in 13 pairs of matched colorectal cancer and normal adjacent tissue samples through qRT-PCR and microarray analysis, we found a widespread disruption of miRNA expression during colorectal tumorigenesis. In(More)
Although prostate cancer is the most common non-cutaneous malignancy diagnosed in men in the United States, little is known about inherited factors that influence its genetic predisposition. Here we report that germline mutations in the gene encoding 2'-5'-oligoadenylate(2-5A)-dependent RNase L (RNASEL) segregate in prostate cancer families that show(More)
Wild-type Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells shifted from high concentrations (5%) of CO2 to low, ambient levels (0.03%) rapidly increase transcription of mRNAs from several CO2-responsive genes. Simultaneously, they develop a functional carbon concentrating mechanism that allows the cells to greatly increase internal levels of CO2 and HCO3-. The cia5 mutant(More)
A population-based case-control study was conducted in Shanghai, China, to investigate the associations between exposures to various non-dietary variables and risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). A total of 935 NPC patients and 1,032 community controls were included. Active cigarette smoking was a moderate risk factor for NPC [odds ratio (OR) = 1.28, 95%(More)
We report on the molecular, biochemical, and functional characterization of Cucurbita maxima phloem serpin-1 (CmPS-1), a novel 42-kDa serine proteinase inhibitor that is developmentally regulated and has anti-elastase properties. CmPS-1 was purified to near homogeneity from C. maxima (pumpkin) phloem exudate and, based on microsequence analysis, the cDNA(More)
BACKGROUND NLRP7 (NALP7) has recently been identified as the causative gene for familial recurrent hydatidiform mole (FRHM), a rare autosomal recessive condition in which affected women have recurrent molar pregnancies of diploid biparental origin. To date only a small number of affected families have been described. Our objectives were to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous studies suggested that the overall burden of prior infections contributes to cardiovascular diseases and stroke. In the present study, the association between infectious burden (IB) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) was examined. METHODS Antibody titers to common infectious pathogens including cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a highly lethal gynaecological malignancy. Cisplatin is the basal chemotherapeutic agent used to treat EOC, but resistance to cisplatin leads to chemotherapy failure. MicroRNAs are a novel class of regulators that function by controlling gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Several recent reports have(More)