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This study was designed to examine the influence of zinc depletion and supplementation on the expression of p53 gene, target genes of p53, and caspase-3 activity in normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells. A serum-free, low-zinc medium containing 0.4 micromol/l of zinc [zinc deficient (ZD)] was used to deplete cellular zinc over one passage. In(More)
The influence of Zn deficiency on the plasma level as well as the hepatic and intestinal gene expression of apolipoprotein (apo) A-I was examined in rats and hamsters. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (8 wk old) and Golden Syrian hamsters (7 wk old) were assigned to three dietary treatments: Zn adequate (ZA, 30 mg Zn/kg diet), Zn deficient (ZD, <0.5 mg Zn/kg diet),(More)
AIMS This study examined the biotransformation pathway of ginsenoside Rb(1) by the fungus Esteya vermicola CNU 120806. METHODS AND RESULTS Ginsenosides Rb(1) and Rd were extracted from the root of Panax ginseng. Liquid fermentation and purified enzyme hydrolysis were employed to investigate the biotransformation of ginsenoside Rb(1) . The metabolites(More)
Expression and activation of the p53 tumor suppressor protein are modulated by various cellular stimuli. The objective of this work was to examine the influence of zinc depletion on the expression of p53 in HepG2 cells. Two different low Zn (ZD) media, Zn-free Opti-MEM and a ZD medium containing Chelex-100 treated serum, were used to deplete cellular zinc(More)
The present study sought to investigate if p53 mediates autophagy activation and mitochondria dysfunction in primary striatal neurons in kainic acid (KA)-induced excitotoxicity. The excitotoxic model of primary striatal neurons was established with KA. The levels of p53, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), Beclin1, and p62 were examined by(More)
Apolipoprotein B (apoB) exists as two major isoforms and serves as an obligatory component of lipid-rich plasma lipoprotein particles. Apolipoprotein B mRNA editing is a zinc-dependent, site-specific cytidine deamination that determines whether the apoB-100 or apoB-48 isoform is synthesized. The objective of this work was to examine whether dietary zinc(More)
The influence of Zn on the expression of the apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) gene in Hep G2 cells was examined. Zn depletion was achieved with a low-Zn (ZD) medium prepared from Zn-free growth medium (Opti), a ZD medium containing Chelex 100-extracted fetal bovine serum (CHE), and a medium containing chelator 1, 10-phenanthroline (OP). Compared with those for(More)
The aim of this study was to explore the effects and mechanisms of Icarisid II (ICA-II) on enhancing the cellular cGMP in rat corpus cavernosum tissue (RCCT). Diabetes mellitus Wistar rats were induced by streptozotocin, and diabetic ED rats were selected for the RCCT culture by apomorphine. ICA-II was extracted and purified from Icariin (ICA) by enzymatic(More)
The gene encoding the neutral phytase nphy was cloned from Bacillus subtilis by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Nucleotide sequence analysis of nphy revealed the presence of an open reading frame of 1152 bp coding for 383 aa. The start codon was followed by a sequence coding for a putative signal peptide of 26 aa in length. The nphy without original signal(More)
Studies were designed to examine the regulation of apolipoprotein (apo) A-I gene expression in Cu-depleted Hep G2 cells. The cupruretic chelator N,N'-bis(2-aminoethyl)-1,3-propanediamine 4 HCl (2,3,2-tetramine or TETA) was used to maintain a 77% reduction in cellular Cu in Hep G2 cells. After two passages of TETA treatment, the relative abundance of apoA-I(More)