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One hundred and sixty-two women were evaluated for psychiatric morbidity in the second trimester of pregnancy and also six to eight weeks postnatally. A sizeable proportion of the women also had a second prenatal assessment in their third trimester and in the lying-in ward shortly after giving birth. Assessments were conducted with the 28-item GHQ. This was(More)
The historical roots of dementia praecox and schizophrenia are described in the context of current nosology and continuing controversies surrounding this nosology. Relevant books and journal articles were reviewed. The information was obtained through computer searches and cross-references from previously published papers. If English translations of foreign(More)
The 28-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) was validated against the Psychiatric Assessment Schedule (PAS) using data collected during a prospective study of psychiatric disorders associated with childbirth among 277 Nigerian women attending an antenatal clinic. Using the results of correlational analyses of the total scores on the GHQ and on the PAS(More)
Descriptive psychopathology and clinical phenomenology inform contemporary psychiatric diagnosis and nosology. The process of psychiatric diagnosis and classification is intricate and subject to continuous revision. This paper attempts to illustrate the effect of culture on psychopathology, with special emphasis on the diagnosis and classification of(More)
Tardive dystonia (TDt), a persistent dystonia associated with exposure to neuroleptic drugs, is an uncommon disorder. It differs from tardive dyskinesia (TDk) in epidemiology, clinical features, risk factors, pathophysiology, course, prognosis, and treatment outcome. TDt seems to develop faster and is more painful, distressing, and disabling than tardive(More)
BACKGROUND Dissociative symptoms are common psychiatric symptoms whose prevalence in rural (agricultural) populations is unknown. The present study examines the prevalence of depersonalization and derealization experiences in a southern rural US population as well as socio-demographic and emotional factors associated with these experiences. METHOD A(More)
OBJECTIVE The factor structure of responses to the twenty-eight-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) in a sample of 277 Nigerian antenatal women was examined. METHOD Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Varimax rotation were used. RESULTS A four factor structure interpretable as social dysfunction, somatic-anxiety, depression-anxiety, and severe(More)
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a well-described adverse effect of treatment with neuroleptics. Studies from non-western countries are sparse and those that exist are not well publicized. We analyzed prevalence data on TD, published in English or French, and carried out in countries in Africa and Asia through December 1993. The estimated prevalence of TD among(More)
Thirty-six consecutively admitted patients with schizophrenia and 20 with mania were studied for the morbid risk of psychosis in their first-degree relatives. Using the family history method of ascertainment, the morbid risk for schizophrenia in the relatives of schizophrenic probands was 4.12% compared with 1.42% in the relatives of manic probands. While(More)
The authors reviewed the trends in the incidence of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) in studies recently reported in various countries. Possible reasons for the differences in reported incidences were considered. The authors identified publications in English (and their cross-references) that estimated the incidence of NMS with a retrospective or(More)