Yôichi Iida

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Phylogenetic trees among eukaryotic kingdoms were inferred for large- and small-subunit rRNAs by using a maximum-likelihood method developed by Felsenstein. Although Felsenstein's method assumes equal evolutionary rates for transitions and transversions, this is apparently not the case for these data. Therefore, only transversiontype substitutions were(More)
 A Chinese landrace of barley, Mokusekko 3, is unique in being completely resistant against all strains of barley yellow mosaic virus (BaYMV). The present investigation revealed that the resistance of Mokusekko 3 is governed by two recessive genes. As one of the resistance genes was known to be tightly linked with alleles at the Est complex locus,(More)
Nucleotide sequences of the first and second internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2, respectively) of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) from two dicot plants, carrot and broad bean, were determined. These sequences were compared with those of rice, a monocot plant, and other eukaryotic organisms. Both types of ITS region in some species of Angiospermae were the(More)
Nucleotide sequence of the exon-intron junction in human alpha-globin gene was analyzed by quantification method proposed previously. Using sample score of 9-nucleotide sequence at 5'-splice site, we examined strength of the splice signal. We further studied a mutant of alpha-thalassemia, where pentanucleotide deletion occurs around 5'-splice junction of(More)
Concerning the signals which direct excision of introns from mRNA precursors in higher eukaryotic genes, consensus 9-nucleotide sequence, (CA)AG/GT(AG)AGT, has been proposed with the 5'-splice site, but actual 5'-splice site sequences differ from it in a greater or lesser degree. We analyzed 5'-splice site sequence of human beta-globin gene by(More)
Concerning the translation initiation signal in vertebrate mRNAs, a consensus, sequence, (GCC)GCC(A or G) CCATGG, has been proposed, but actual initiation sequences differ from it in a greater or lesser degree. Kozak monitored selection by ribosomes of the first versus second ATG codons as a function of mutations introduced at positions +4, and +6 of the(More)
Concerning the translation initiation signals in vertebrate mRNAs, both the ATG initiation codon and the sequences flanking the initiation codon are required to direct the position of initiation. A consensus sequence for the signal, (GCC)GCC(A or G)CCATGG, has been proposed, but actual initiation sequences differ from it to a greater or lesser degree. In(More)
Cleavage of Vicia faba nuclear DNA with the restriction endonuclease BamHI yielded discrete size classes of 250, 850, 900, 990, 1 150, 1 500 and 1 750 bp of highly repetitive DNA. Each of these sequence families comprised about 3% of the total genomic DNA. Some sequence members from each sequence family were cloned in pBR322 and their primary structures(More)
Molecular analysis of the glycoasparaginase gene was performed on two Japanese siblings with aspartylglucosaminuria. The cDNA from one patient contained 7 additional bases between exons 3 and 4 (3′-terminal sequence of intron 3). This insertion resulted in a frame shift, and a termination codon appeared at amino acid 146. Amplification and sequencing of(More)
In both of normal human alpha- and beta-globin pre-mRNAs, two introns are spliced correctly, giving mRNA products of (exon 1)-(exon 2)-(exon 3). If 5'-splice site of the second intron is mutated, mRNA of the beta-globin is composed of (exon 1)-(exon 3), skipping the whole exon 2 sequence. However, if 5'-splice site of the second intron is mutated in the(More)